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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV vs. SQLite

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value storeWidely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexesRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.68
Rank#53  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Score123.36
Rank#11  Overall
#7  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.combasho.com/­products/­riak-kvwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Basho TechnologiesDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release2000200720092000
Current release8.8, January 20193.5.8, July 20192.1.0, April 20153.29.0, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise editionOpen Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaErlangC
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
server-less
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestrictedyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonoyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlangno
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooksyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infono "single point of failure"none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factornone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyesno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be storedyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nono
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jRiak KVSQLite
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

How Graphs Enhance Artificial Intelligence
18 September 2019

NODES 2019: Announcing 52 Online Talks from Leading Graph Experts
17 September 2019

GQL Is Now a Global Standards Project alongside SQL
16 September 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: GRANDstack, Building a Data Warehouse with Neo4j, Scale up your D3 graph visualisation
14 September 2019

#GraphCast: GraphConnect 2020, Early Bird Pricing Ends Oct 1st!
13 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jRiak KVSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Enriching text analytics with graph databases
6 September 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
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provided by Google News

In love with the graph: Neo4j spreads the obsession of a new database one app at a time
13 September 2019, ZDNet

New Query Language for Graph Databases to Become International Standard
17 September 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
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Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
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Riak TS is designed to maximize uptime
29 September 2016, Opensource.com

NoSQL database Riak acquired following Basho’s fall from grace
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provided by Google News

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Hackers can use an SQLite database vulnerability to take over an iPhone via the Contacts app
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LXD releases Dqlite 1.0, a C library to implement an embeddable, persistent SQL database engine with Raft consensus
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Clever attack uses SQLite databases to hack other apps, malware servers
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