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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Redis vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.Distributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistenceKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
Secondary database modelsDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score141.90
Rank#8  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Score5.68
Rank#53  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comredis.iobasho.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Salvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis LabsBasho Technologies
Initial release2000200720092009
Current release8.8, January 20193.5.8, July 20195.0.5, May 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaCErlang
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
BSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infowith RediSearch modulerestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonono
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization ProtocolHTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsLuaJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlernoyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replication infoChained replication is supported
Multi-master replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
selectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Eventual Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsnono infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scriptsno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the serveryes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logsyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Simple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial versionno
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jRedisRiak KV
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Redis, benchmarked as the world's fastest database, reduces application complexity,...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Redis is an in-memory database platform offering native support of wide range of...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Redis powers personalization, real-time fraud detection, IoT, e-commerce, real-time...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Verizon, Vodafone, Atlassian, Trip Advisor, Jet.com, Nokia, Samsung, HTC, Docker,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
The licensing model is subscription based. Redis Enterprise Cloud is priced according...
» more
News

GQL Is Now a Global Standards Project alongside SQL
16 September 2019

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: GRANDstack, Building a Data Warehouse with Neo4j, Scale up your D3 graph visualisation
14 September 2019

#GraphCast: GraphConnect 2020, Early Bird Pricing Ends Oct 1st!
13 September 2019

DeepWalk: Implementing Graph Embeddings in Neo4j
12 September 2019

It’s All in the Relationships: 15 Rules of a Native Graph Database
9 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jRedisRiak KV
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

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PostgreSQL is the DBMS of the Year 2018
2 January 2019, Paul Andlinger, Matthias Gelbmann

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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
New York, USA, 20-22 April 2020

Recent citations in the news

Enriching text analytics with graph databases
6 September 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

In love with the graph: Neo4j spreads the obsession of a new database one app at a time
13 September 2019, ZDNet

Neo4j Partnership with Digitate Gains Momentum
10 September 2019, PRNewswire

Neo4j raises $80 million for next-generation graph databases
1 November 2018, Inventiva

Market Survey of Graph Database Market Share, Revenue Analysis by Leading Players Like: Neo4j, Franz Inc, OrientDB – All
10 September 2019, All Times Tech

Embedded Database System Market Set to Witness Huge Growth by 2019-2026 Focusing on Leading Players Apache, FirebirdSQL, IBM, McObject, Microsoft, Neo4j, Oracle, SAP
16 September 2019, Market Report Gazette

provided by Google News

DigitalOcean launches managed MySQL and Redis database services
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Redis Enterprise Kubernetes Operator for VMware Enterprise PKS Now Available on VMware Cloud Marketplace™
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DigitalOcean Adds Managed MySQL and Redis Services
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news digest: DigitalOcean announces managed databases for MySQL and Redis, Waymo's Open Dataset, and GitHub Enterprise Server 2.18 - SD Times
21 August 2019, SDTimes.com

After PostgreSQL, DigitalOcean now adds MySQL and Redis to its managed databases’ offering
20 August 2019, Packt Hub

provided by Google News

Is Riak A Good NoSQL Database Option?
1 July 2019, Analytics India Magazine

Basho open-sources its Riak TS database for the Internet Of Things
5 May 2016, TechCrunch

Basho's database downfall highlights danger of bringing too-niche tech to market
10 July 2018, TechRepublic

Riak TS is designed to maximize uptime
29 September 2016, Opensource.com

NoSQL database Riak acquired following Basho’s fall from grace
13 September 2017, Computer Business Review

provided by Google News

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