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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.09
Rank#125  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score51.34
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.57
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release200020072004
Current release8.8, January 20194.1.3, October 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Announcing: Graph-Native Machine Learning in Neo4j!
21 October 2020

NODES 2020 Virtual Space: Have a Peek
19 October 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Neo4j 4.0 procedure examples, Connecting your React app to Neo4j with React Hooks, New Graph Algorithms Training
17 October 2020

The Lean-In Moment: 5-Minute Interview with Paul Westcott
16 October 2020

5-Minute Interview: Graph Databases For Dummies with Dr. Jim Webber and Rik Van Bruggen
15 October 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Conferences and events

Hands-on with the JDBC Driver in GraphDB: Bridging relational queries to the graph world
Webinar, 8:00 AM PDT / 11:00 AM EDT / 5:00 PM CEST, 17 September 2020 (finished)

From Strings to Things with the GraphDB 9.4 Mapping UI
Webinar, 5pm CEST / 11am EDT / 8am PDT, 6 October 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Champion in Bloor's Graph Database Market Update
27 July 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Semantic Web Company and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Knowledge Graphs
17 June 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4j Is the Choice of Leading Companies for Graph Databases in the Cloud
21 October 2020, AiThority

Neo4j advances machine learning compatibility for its graph database
20 October 2020, SiliconANGLE News

Google, NASA, PayPal and the World Bank to Headline Neo4j's NODES 2020 Developer Conference
14 October 2020, Yahoo Finance

Neo4j Democratizes Graph-Based Machine Learning with the Launch of Graph Data Science™
21 October 2020, Read IT Quik

NASA, ICIJ, ATPCO, Lyft and More Choose Neo4j for their Knowledge Graphs
23 September 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PR Newswire UK

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

provided by Google News

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