DB-EnginesExtremeDB Active Replication featuresEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. OrientDB

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.11
Rank#121  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score53.79
Rank#19  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.33
Rank#68  Overall
#10  Document stores
#3  Graph DBMS
#10  Key-value stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comorientdb.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docswww.orientdb.com/­docs/­last/­index.html
DeveloperOntotextNeo4j, Inc.OrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud; SAP
Initial release200020072010
Current release9.4, September 20204.2.2, January 20213.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJava, Javascript
Triggersnoyes infovia event handlerHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jOrientDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

Driving Innovation and Powering Advanced Analytics with Neo4j
20 January 2021

Top 10 Graph Database Use Cases: Fraud Detection
18 January 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Drawing graphs with Arrows.app, GraphSAGE, Parsing & Importing XML
16 January 2021

Mapping IoT to the Graph: 5-Minute Interview with Per Gyllstrom
15 January 2021

Announcing New Introduction to Neo4j 4.x Online Training Courses!
12 January 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jOrientDB
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Graph DBMS increased their popularity by 500% within the last 2 years
3 March 2015, Paul Andlinger

Graph DBMSs are gaining in popularity faster than any other database category
21 January 2014, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

Knowledge Graphs for Enterprise Data Management
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 5 November 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Champion in Bloor's Graph Database Market Update
27 July 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Neo4j Poised for 2021 Growth with Top-Tier Executive Appointments
13 January 2021, PRNewswire

Graph Database Market 2020-2027 | Oracle, IBM, Microsoft, Amazon Web Services, Neo4j, TIBCO Software
14 January 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Global Graph Database Market 2025: IBM, Microsoft, Oracle, AWS, Neo4j, etc.
20 January 2021, Splash Radio Wales

Why the 2020s will be dominated by graph technology
5 January 2021, ComputerWeekly.com

Graph Analytics Market Next Big Thing | Major Giants IBM, Oracle, Microsoft
21 January 2021, openPR

provided by Google News

NoSQL Databases Software Market 2021 by Top Key Players- MongoDB Amazon ArangoDB Azure Cosmos DB Couchbase MarkLogic RethinkDB CouchDB SQL-RD OrientDB RavenDB Redis
20 January 2021, Murphy's Hockey Law

Global Graph Database Market CAGR Growth Forecast Outlook | Oracle, IBM, Neo Technology, OrientDB, Franz, DataStax, Sirma AI, ArangoDB GmbH, Sparsity Technologies, and Objectivity
16 January 2021, NeighborWebSJ

Graph Database Market Research, Industry Overview by Key Players – Tibco Software, Neo4j, AWS, Microsoft, OrientDB Ltd, triAGENS GmbH(Arango DB), Cray, MarkLogic, Franz Inc(AllegroGraph), Bitnine Global, Cayley, Twitter(FlockDB), Teradata(SQL-GR), IBM, SAP, Apache, Oracle, Titan, Marklogic, HyperGraphDB, Datastax
12 January 2021, Jumbo News

Graph Database Market Growth Revenue, Regional Insights, Trends & Growth Forecast To 2027| Oracle, IBM, Neo Technology, OrientDB, Franz, DataStax
19 January 2021, Jumbo News

Global NoSQL Software Market 2020 Set To See Future Growth till 2024: Key Contributors MongoDB, Amazon, ArangoDB, Azure Cosmos DB, Couchbase, MarkLogic, RethinkDB, CouchDB, SQL-RD, OrientDB, RavenDB, Redis, Microsoft
14 January 2021, Jumbo News

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

LATAM Channel & Alliances Manager
Neo4j, Miami, FL

Data Architect
Rackspace, Remote

Data Engineer
Rackspace, Remote

Software Engineer on Behance
Adobe, New York, NY

Software Engineer (Neo4J Developer)
Wells Fargo, Summit, NJ

Sales Engineer
Neo4j, San Mateo, CA

Channel Sales Director
TigerGraph, California

Sr. Sales Engineer
Neo4j, New Jersey

Sales Director, Partner Success
TigerGraph, California

Sales Director, Technology Partner Programs
TigerGraph, California

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here