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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Neo4j vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOpen source graph databaseWidely used in-process key-value storeDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Key-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score2.73
Rank#88  Overall
#15  Key-value stores
#3  Native XML DBMS
Score5.68
Rank#53  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comneo4j.comwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlbasho.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationneo4j.com/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.html
DeveloperOntotextNeo4j, Inc.Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleBasho Technologies
Initial release2000200719942009
Current release8.8, January 20193.5.8, July 201918.1 (Core), June 20182.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Erlang
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free and schema-optionalschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnono
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyesrestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableno
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
Perl
Python
Tcl
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsnoJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnoyes infovia event handleryes infoonly for the SQL APIyes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-slave replicationselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsnono infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)nono
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jOracle Berkeley DBRiak KV
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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DeepWalk: Implementing Graph Embeddings in Neo4j
12 September 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNeo4jOracle Berkeley DBRiak KV
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GraphConnect 2020
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