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DBMS > GraphDB vs. NSDb vs. Spark SQL vs. Transbase

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. NSDb vs. Spark SQL vs. Transbase

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonNSDb  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTransbase  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Scalable, High-performance Time Series DBMS designed for Real-time Analytics on top of KubernetesSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingA resource-optimized, high-performance, universally applicable RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.00
Rank#350  Overall
#33  Time Series DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#132  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comnsdb.iospark.apache.org/­sqlwww.transaction.de/­en/­solutions/­transbase-resource-optimized-high-performance-database
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationnsdb.io/­Architecturespark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmlwww.transaction.de/­en/­transbase-inside
DeveloperOntotextApache Software FoundationTransaction Software GmbH
Initial release2000201720141987
Current release9.8, June 20213.1.1, March 2021Transbase 8.4, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial infofree development license
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJava, ScalaScalaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes: int, bigint, decimal, stringyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesall fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query languageSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
gRPC
HTTP REST
WebSocket
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
Scala
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript
Kotlin
Objective-C
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitynonoyes
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingyes, utilizing Spark Core
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationnoneSource-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnonoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnonoyes
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesUsing Apache Luceneyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.nofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNSDbSpark SQLTransbase
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more

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3rd partiesSQLFlow: Provides a visual representation of the overall flow of data. Automated SQL data lineage analysis across Databases, ETL, Business Intelligence, Cloud and Hadoop environments by parsing SQL Script and stored procedure.
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMNSDbSpark SQLTransbase
Conferences and events

Knowledge Graph Forum
Virtual Event, 10/26:3pm CEST, 10/27:7:30pm CEST, 26-27 October 2021

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.8 Brings Text Mining and Kafka Connectivity
2 June 2021, PRNewswire

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

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