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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MySQL vs. PostgreSQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonPostgreSQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportWidely used open source RDBMSWidely used open source RDBMS infoDeveloped as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMS infowith object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.11
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1229.52
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score483.28
Rank#4  Overall
#4  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.mysql.comwww.postgresql.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdev.mysql.com/­docwww.postgresql.org/­docs/­manuals
DeveloperOntotextOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunPostgreSQL Global Development Group infowww.postgresql.org/­developer
Initial release200019951989 info1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL
Current release8.8, January 20198.0.16, April 201911.4, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoBSD
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
  • Azure Database for PostgreSQL: A fully managed, scalable PostgreSQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid: Fully managed PostgreSQL hosting with high availability, dedicated servers, and superuser control on the #1 multi-cloud Amazon RDS alternative.
  • Google Cloud SQL: A fully-managed database service for the Google Cloud Platform
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
FreeBSD
HP-UX
Linux
NetBSD
OpenBSD
OS X
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infospecific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infostandard with numerous extensions
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
native C library
streaming API for large objects
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C++
Delphi
Java infoJDBC
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoproprietary syntaxuser defined functions inforealized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.
Triggersnoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricpartitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoother methods possible by using 3rd party extensions
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMySQLPostgreSQL
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

GraphDB: Semantic Text Similarity for Identifying Related Terms & Documents
11 July 2019

GraphDB: MongoDB Document Store Integration for Large-scale Metadata Management
28 June 2019

Smart Negative News Monitoring Makes Banks’ KYC Process More Efficient
20 June 2019

If Johnny Mnemonic Smuggled Linked Data
31 May 2019

Semantic Search for Smart Data Discovery in the Pharma Industry
17 May 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MySQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community MySQL database as a service
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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SQLPro for MySQL: A simple but powerful MySQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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Dremio is like magic for MySQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for MySQL is the ideal solution for MySQL/MariaDB administration and development.
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ScaleGrid: Fully managed MySQL-as-a-Service.
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General SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
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Navicat for PostgreSQL is an easy-to-use graphical tool for PostgreSQL database development.
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Dremio is like magic for PostgreSQL accelerating your analytical queries up to 1,000x.
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pgDash: In-Depth PostgreSQL Monitoring.
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Azure Database for PostgreSQL provides fully managed, enterprise-ready community PostgreSQL database as a service
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SQLPro for PostgreSQL: A simple but powerful PostgreSQL database client available on iPhone and iPad as well as macOS.
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2ndQuadrant: PostgreSQL Solutions for the Enterprise.
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DBHawk: a web-based PostgreSQL/Greenplum database tool. Boost database development and BI productivity with an online Universal database tool.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMySQLPostgreSQL
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Conferences and events

PostgreSQL Conference, Asia 2019
Denpasar, Bali, Indonesia, 9-12 September 2019

PostgreSQL Conference, Europe 2019
Milan, Italy, 15-18 October 2019

Finished events

Achieving High Availability with PostgreSQL
Webinar, 4PM UTC, 26 February 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB - Handling Massive Loads, Queries and Inferencing in Real Time.
10 July 2019, KMWorld Magazine

Graph Databases Go Mainstream
18 July 2019, Forbes

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

PenCarrie Turns to Percona to Support MySQL Database Growth Strategy
23 July 2019, GlobeNewswire

7 MySQL and MariaDB features you don't want to miss
26 June 2019, InfoWorld

GitLab finally cuts loose from 'pain in the a**' MySQL
3 July 2019, DevClass

Relational Databases Software Market 2019 financial overview of the players such as MySQL, Oracle, SAP, PostgreSQL, Amazon RDS, IBM and more
16 July 2019, Rise Media

news digest: Apple's transparency report on customer data, Sony's tech startup fund, and GitLab ends support for MySQL - SD Times
3 July 2019, SDTimes.com

provided by Google News

PostgreSQL database specialist EnterpriseDB gets new backing
28 June 2019, TechTarget

Fully Managed PostgreSQL Hosting on AWS and Azure Launches in Time For Legacy Migrations
17 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

CIS Benchmark for PostgreSQL 11 Enhances PostgreSQL Security for Enterprises
1 July 2019, Yahoo Finance

PostgreSQL on Amazon Aurora Serverless goes live. Check the price tag before diving in, though
10 July 2019, The Register

Crunchy Data releases an update to the CIS Benchmark for PostgreSQL 11
3 July 2019, Help Net Security

provided by Google News

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