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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Solr

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Solr

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSolr  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructureA widely used distributed, scalable search engine based on Apache Lucene
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeSearch engine
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
Search engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
Time Series DBMS infoTime Series Collections introduced in Release 5.0
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.70
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score478.24
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score57.26
Rank#20  Overall
#3  Search engines
Websitewww.ontotext.comwww.mongodb.comlucene.apache.org/­solr
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manuallucene.apache.org/­solr/­resources.html
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperOntotextMongoDB, IncApache Software Foundation
Initial release200020092006
Current release9.8, June 20215.0.8, April 20229.0.0, May 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoApache Version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM inforuns as a servlet in servlet container (e.g. Tomcat, Jetty is included)
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.yes infoDynamic Fields enables on-the-fly addition of new fields
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyes infosupports customizable data types and automatic typing
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infoAll search fields are automatically indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BISolr Parallel SQL Interface
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
proprietary protocol using JSONJava API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infounofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infounofficial driver
ColdFusion infounofficial driver
D infounofficial driver
Dart infounofficial driver
Delphi infounofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infounofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infounofficial driver
Lua infounofficial driver
MatLab infounofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infounofficial driver
Prolog infounofficial driver
Python
R infounofficial driver
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Smalltalk infounofficial driver
Swift
.Net
Erlang
Java
JavaScript
any language that supports sockets and either XML or JSON
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJavaScriptJava plugins
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas onlyyes infoUser configurable commands triggered on index changes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoPartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys. Live resharding allows users to change their shard keys as an online operation with zero downtime.Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationMulti-Source deployments with MongoDB Atlas Global Clusters
Source-replica replication
yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesspark-solr: github.com/­lucidworks/­spark-solr and streaming expressions to reduce
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleno
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationoptimistic locking
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional, enabled by defaultyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Access rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMongoDBSolr
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
MongoDB’s application data platform provides developers a unified interface to power...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
The MongoDB platform can be used by developers building transactional, operational,...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
200+ million downloads, over 1.5M Atlas database clusters under management handling...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMongoDBSolr
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