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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOne of the most popular document storesOpen source graph databaseSemantic graph DBMS, developed in Java
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.09
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score403.90
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score49.56
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.72
Rank#178  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.mongodb.comneo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.Complexible Inc.
Initial release2000200920072010
Current release8.8, January 20194.0.10, May 20193.5.4, April 20194.2.4, March 2017
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoLimited community edition free
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database in minutes.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInoSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
proprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
OWL
SPARQL
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsno
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster infousing Apache ZooKeeper
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMongoDBNeo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMongoDBNeo4jStardog
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Conferences and events

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