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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MongoDB vs. Neo4j vs. Riak KV

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRiak KV  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportOne of the most popular document storesOpen source graph databaseDistributed, fault tolerant key-value store
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Document storeGraph DBMSKey-value store infowith links between data sets and object tags for the creation of secondary indexes
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score410.06
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score5.68
Rank#53  Overall
#7  Key-value stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.mongodb.comneo4j.combasho.com/­products/­riak-kv
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.mongodb.com/­manualneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMongoDB, IncNeo4j, Inc.Basho Technologies
Initial release2000200920072009
Current release8.8, January 20194.0.10, May 20193.5.8, July 20192.1.0, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache version 2, commercial enterprise edition
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++Java, ScalaErlang
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.schema-free and schema-optionalschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatialyesno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucenerestricted
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BInono
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
proprietary protocol using JSONBolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
HTTP API
Native Erlang Interface
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go infoinofficial driver
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C infounofficial client library
C#
C++ infounofficial client library
Clojure infounofficial client library
Dart infounofficial client library
Erlang
Go infounofficial client library
Groovy infounofficial client library
Haskell infounofficial client library
Java
JavaScript infounofficial client library
Lisp infounofficial client library
Perl infounofficial client library
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala infounofficial client library
Smalltalk infounofficial client library
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginJavaScriptyes infoUser defined Procedures and FunctionsJavaScript and Erlang
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handleryes infopre-commit hooks and post-commit hooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnoneSharding infono "single point of failure"
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyselectable replication factor
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnoyesnoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possibleyes infoRelationships in graphsno infolinks between data sets can be stored
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolationACIDno
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptionalyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyesAccess rights for users and rolesUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMongoDBNeo4jRiak KV
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
MongoDB is the next-generation database that helps businesses transform their industries...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
By offering the best of traditional databases as well as the flexibility, scale,...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Internet of Things (Bosch, Silver Spring Networks) Mobile (The Weather Channel, ADP,...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
ADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Barclays, BBVA, Bond, Bosch, Cisco, CERN, City...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
40 million downloads (growing at 30 thousand downloads per day). 6,600+ customers....
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
MongoDB database server: Free Software Foundation's GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
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More resources
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