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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Milvus vs. Weaviate

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Milvus vs. Weaviate

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonWeaviate  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.A DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesA cloud-native, realtime vector search engine integrating scalable machine learning models
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Search engineSearch engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.52
Rank#116  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.46
Rank#250  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score0.16
Rank#300  Overall
#20  Search engines
Websitewww.ontotext.commilvus.iogithub.com/­semi-technologies/­weaviate
weaviate.io
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdweaviate.io/­developers/­weaviate/­current
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperOntotextSeMI Technologies B.V.
Initial release200020192017
Current release9.8, June 20212.0, January 20221.0.3, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0Open Source infocommercial license available with Weaviate Enterprise
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++, GoGo
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes, maps to GraphQL interface
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric and Stringyes infostring, int, float, geo point, date, cross reference, fuzzy references
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyes infoall data objects are indexed in a semantic vector space (the Contextionary), all primitive fields are indexed
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCnoGraphQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
RESTful HTTP APIGraphQL query language
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitynono
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Bounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.noOpenID Connect Discovery
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMilvusWeaviate
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Milvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Highly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Video media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
As a stand-alone vector search engine, or use one of the many modules (transformers,...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Milvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
A ll companies that have data. ​
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
As of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Milvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more
Weaviate is open-source, and free to use. We also offer Fully managed Weaviate on...
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMilvusWeaviate
DB-Engines blog posts

Weaviate, an ANN Database with CRUD support
2 February 2021,  Etienne Dilocker, SeMI Technologies (sponsor) 

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Recent citations in the news

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