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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Microsofts flagship relational DBMSTypeDB is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score970.61
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#194  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#95  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comwww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-servervaticle.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverdocs.vaticle.com
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftGrakn Labs / Vaticle
Initial release200019892016
Current release9.8, June 2021SQL Server 2019, November 20192.3, July 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercial inforestricted free version is availableOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesno
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
console (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
All JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Javano
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonetables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federationSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, but depending on the SQL-Server EditionMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft SQL ServerTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
TypeDB is a database technology that serves as the knowledge base foundation to intelligent...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Expressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of TypeDB allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft SQL ServerTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
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Conferences and events

Knowledge Graph Forum
Virtual Event, 10/26:3pm CEST, 10/27:7:30pm CEST, 26-27 October 2021

Recent citations in the news

Semantic Knowledge Graphing Market 2021-2030 Size, Industry Analysis, Emerging Trends, Share and COVID-19 Impact | Top Players – Microsoft Corporation, Amazon.com, Facebook, NELL – IMIESA
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