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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog vs. Tibero

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog vs. Tibero

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTibero  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningA secure RDBMS, designed for easy portability from Oracle
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.58
Rank#125  Overall
#61  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.comwww.tmaxsoft.com/­products/­tibero
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docstechnet.tmaxsoft.com/­upload/­download/­online/­tibero/­pver-20150504-000002/­index.html
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftStardog-UnionTmaxSoft
Initial release2000201020102003
Current release8.8, January 2019V126.2.3, July 20196, April 2015
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentscommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaC and Assembler
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possibleyes
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Tibero CLI
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Java
Objective-C
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in JavaPersistent Stored Procedure (PSM)
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonehorizontal partitioning infoby range, hash, list or composite
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication in HA-ClusterMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno infoplanned for next version
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard (SQL 92, SQL 99)
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardogTibero
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardogTibero
DB-Engines blog posts

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Increased popularity for consuming DBMS services out of the cloud
2 October 2015, Paul Andlinger

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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Running Database Console Commands (DBCCs) on Azure SQL Database
20 January 2020, Database Journal

Deployment options for Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
9 January 2020, Channel 9

Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
30 December 2019, Database Journal

It's just SQL: Collations in Azure SQL Database Managed Instance - Microsoft
2 January 2020, Channel 9

Learning SQL: Skills and Knowledge You Need to Know
23 January 2020, Dice Insights

provided by Google News

TmaxSoft to Supply Database Management Software to Hyundai and Kia
25 June 2019, PRNewswire

Hyundai and Kia Say Good-bye to Oracle and Choose Tmax as DBMS Vendor
13 June 2019, BusinessKorea

TmaxData Succeeds in Applying Its Database Management System to ARM Server
3 May 2019, 전자신문

TmaxSoft is using clear licensing to woo Oracle database users
15 August 2016, PCWorld

South Korea's Database Management System Market Diversifies with Other Cloud and Open Source Companies
25 October 2019, Etnews

provided by Google News

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