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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SQLite vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerWidely used in-process RDBMSEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.32
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score52.63
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score127.45
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Score1.26
Rank#148  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.sqlite.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.sqlite.org/­docs.htmlwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftDwayne Richard HippStardog-Union
Initial release2000201020002010
Current release8.8, January 2019V123.32.2 (June 4, 2020), June 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoPublic Domaincommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++CJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedserver-lessLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes infodynamic column typesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.yes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supportedYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availablenoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infovia file-system locksyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSQLiteStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Boosting Cybersecurity Efficiency with Knowledge Graphs
9 July 2020

Star Wars: Knowledge Graph Federation
24 June 2020

Computer Vision Technology for Boosting Retailers’ Marketing & Product Management  
18 June 2020

If Curiosity Cabinets Were Knowledge Graphs
4 June 2020

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSQLiteStardog
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Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Elastic Jobs in Azure SQL Database - Part 1 | Data Exposed - Microsoft
18 June 2020, Channel 9

Elastic Jobs in Azure SQL Database - Part 2 | Data Exposed - Microsoft
25 June 2020, Channel 9

Why Azure SQL is Best for Developers - Part 2 - Microsoft
9 July 2020, Channel 9

Strong, long-standing partnership between IFS and Microsoft proves a win-win for IFS MEA customers
13 July 2020, ITWeb

SentryOne Partners with QBS Technology to Expand Distribution of Top-Rated Database Performance Monitoring and DataOps Solutions
16 June 2020, PR Newswire UK

provided by Google News

SQLite Gets Jupyter Kernel
15 June 2020, iProgrammer

Global RDBMS Software Market 2025 Impact Status Of COVID -19: Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM, etc.
13 July 2020, Cole of Duty

Relational Databases Software Market 2020 Size Analysis, Growth Overview 2027, Major Vendors – MariaDB, SAP, Microsoft, SQLite, Amazon RDS, etc.
10 July 2020, 3rd Watch News

Global RDBMS Software Market 2025 corporate overview, financial summary and SWOT analysis-Microsoft, Oracle, PostgreSQL Global Development Group, SQLite, IBM, etc.
10 July 2020, Jewish Life News

Global RDBMS Software Market Expected to Grow with a Significant Rate by 2024 Top Players : SQLite, ThinkSQL, Oracle, Microsoft, IBM, PostgreSQL Global Development Group etc.
19 June 2020, Cole of Duty

provided by Google News

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