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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. TiDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. TiDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonTiDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoningTiDB is an open source distributed Hybrid Transactional/Analytical Processing (HTAP) database that supports MySQL and Spark SQL syntaxes.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score54.69
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Score1.57
Rank#126  Overall
#62  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.compingcap.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasehelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docspingcap.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftSAPStardog-UnionPingCAP, Inc.
Initial release20002010201020102016
Current release8.8, January 2019V122.0 SPS04, April 20196.2.3, July 20193.0.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesno infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaGo, Rust
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesSPARQL is used as query languageyes
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javano
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlersno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneyesnonehorizontal partitioning (by key range)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableyesMaster-master replication in HA-ClusterUsing Raft consensus algorithm to ensure data replication with strong consistency among multiple replicas.
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononoyes infowith TiSpark Connector
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes inforelationships in graphsno infocurrently only supported in syntax
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and rolesUsers with fine-grained authorization concept. No user groups or roles.
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardogTiDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
TiDB is an open source distributed scalable hybrid transactional and analytical processing...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
In the current database landscape, infrastructure engineers often have to use one...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
TiDB is designed to support both OLTP and OLAP scenarios. You can use TiDB , the...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Bank of Beijing (Banking) Mobike (Ridesharing) Toutiao (Media) Ele.me (Catering)...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
InfoWorld’s 2018 Best of Open Source Software Award winners 15000+ stars on GitHub...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
Open Source Apache 2.0 with either commercial licensing or fully-hosted DB-as-a-service...
» more
News

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Chaos Mesh - Your Chaos Engineering Solution for System Resiliency on Kubernetes
15 January 2020

How TiKV Reads and Writes
11 January 2020

AutoTiKV: TiKV Tuning Made Easy by Machine Learning
27 December 2019

Squashed Bugs, Served Hot and Fresh with Failure Rate Heatmaps
18 December 2019

How We Achieved 40 K QPS and 20+ Billion Rows of Data in a Single Scale-out Cluster
11 December 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardogTiDB
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB Improves the Knowledge Graph Experience in Latest Update
12 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

Deployment options for Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
9 January 2020, Channel 9

Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
30 December 2019, Database Journal

It's just SQL: Collations in Azure SQL Database Managed Instance - Microsoft
2 January 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Azure Arc
14 January 2020, InfoWorld

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

Linux Bonus Pack Makes SAP Hana Movers Happy
14 January 2020, E3zine.com

Enterprise Strategy Group Highlights Impact, Value of Actifio GO for SAP HANA on Google Cloud Platform
3 January 2020, MarTech Series

HPE's leadership in SAP HANA space
5 January 2020, TechNative

Huawei FusionServer Pro V5 now certified for SAP HANA Scale-Out Solution
12 January 2020, ITP.net

SAP HANA on Hybrid Cloud
4 January 2020, TechNative

provided by Google News

PingCAP offers titanium bullet to switch to its HTAP database
22 January 2019, DevClass

How TiDB combines OLTP and OLAP in a distributed database
17 October 2018, InfoWorld

TiDB developer PingCAP wants to expand in North America after raising $50M Series C
11 September 2018, TechCrunch

Percona Unveils Stellar Keynote Schedule for Eighth Annual Percona Live Open Source Database Conference
9 May 2019, GlobeNewswire

China’s Biggest Startups Ditch Oracle and IBM for Home-Made Tech
24 June 2019, Bloomberg

provided by Google News

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