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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. RDF4J vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. RDF4J vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRDF storeGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.25
Rank#140  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score47.78
Rank#23  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#215  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score1.15
Rank#145  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaserdf4j.orgwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaserdf4j.org/­documentationwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Stardog-Union
Initial release2000201020042010
Current release8.8, January 2019V127.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLyesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availablenoneMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

If Curiosity Cabinets Were Knowledge Graphs
4 June 2020

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Return of the Jedi: Ontotext Platform Metamorphosis
21 April 2020

GraphDB Empowers Scientific Projects to Fight COVID-19 and Publish Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameStardog
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Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext releases new version of GraphDB
15 May 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Private Link for Azure SQL Database - Part 1 | Data Exposed - Microsoft
14 May 2020, Channel 9

Azure SQL Zone Redundant Configuration for High Availability - Microsoft
28 May 2020, Channel 9

Azure Synapse Link anchors Microsoft’s new big data analytics capabilities
20 May 2020, VentureBeat

A closer look at Azure Synapse Link
28 May 2020, ZDNet

SQL Server and Azure SQL Database GDPR Guidance Paper
12 May 2020, stopthefud

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match Expressivity of Graphs
30 April 2020, AiThority

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Apache Rya matures open source triple store database
17 October 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

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