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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. RDF4J vs. SingleStore vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. RDF4J vs. SingleStore vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.MySQL wire-compliant distributed RDBMS that combines an in-memory row-oriented and a disc-based column-oriented storageEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.11
Rank#124  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score66.99
Rank#17  Overall
#11  Relational DBMS
Score0.58
Rank#222  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score6.04
Rank#63  Overall
#36  Relational DBMS
Score1.46
Rank#143  Overall
#11  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaserdf4j.orgwww.singlestore.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­azure-sqlrdf4j.org/­documentationdocs.singlestore.comwww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.SingleStore Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20002010200420132010
Current release8.8, January 2019V127.1.10, October 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.commercial infofree developer edition availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SingleStore Managed Service: The world's fastest, most capable cloud database for operational analytics, machine learning, & AI. Available instantly with multi-cloud and hybrid-cloud capabilities.
Implementation languageJavaC++JavaC++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux info64 bit version requiredLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes infoRDF Schemasyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesnoyes, but no triggers and foreign keysYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Java
PHP
Python
Bash
C
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLyesyesuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availablenoneSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency only within each nodeImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesnoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedACID infoOnly isolation level: READ COMMITEDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSingleStore infoformer name was MemSQLStardog
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Conferences and events

Hands-on with the JDBC Driver in GraphDB: Bridging relational queries to the graph world
Webinar, 8:00 AM PDT / 11:00 AM EDT / 5:00 PM CEST, 17 September 2020 (finished)

From Strings to Things with the GraphDB 9.4 Mapping UI
Webinar, 5pm CEST / 11am EDT / 8am PDT, 6 October 2020 (finished)

Knowledge Graphs for Enterprise Data Management
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 5 November 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext and Synaptica join forces with a shared product roadmap to speed up the development of Enterprise Knowledge Graphs.
16 November 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext Platform 3.3 Streamlines the Building of Knowledge Graph Lenses and GraphQL Interfaces
23 November 2020, EnterpriseTalk

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Azure SQL Database and Memory from Blog Posts – SQLServerCentral
22 November 2020, Packt Hub

Creating Your First Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed | Channel 9 - Microsoft
27 October 2020, Channel 9

Leveling Up Your Azure SQL Database Deployments | Data Exposed - Microsoft
10 November 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Backup Storage Redundancy in Azure SQL | Data Exposed - Microsoft
2 November 2020, Channel 9

Increasing Multi-Cloud Adoption Raises the Stakes for Database Monitoring
17 November 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PR Newswire UK

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Apache Rya matures open source triple store database
17 October 2019, TechTarget

provided by Google News

MemSQL Changes Name to SingleStore
27 October 2020, Business Wire

MemSQL Re-Brands to SingleStore to Reflect New Product Vision
29 October 2020, Solutions Review

Sponsored post: Business innovation requires underlying systems that offer speed, efficiency and agility
3 November 2020, TechCrunch

news digest: MemSQL rebrands as SingleStore, .NET for Apache Spark 1.0, and Intel acquires SigOpt - SD Times
30 October 2020, SDTimes.com

SingleStore Ranked Among Fastest-Growing Companies in North America on Deloitte’s 2020 Technology Fast 500™
19 November 2020, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

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