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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. NuoDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNuoDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerNuoDB is a webscale distributed database that supports SQL and ACID transactionsIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.94
Rank#158  Overall
#76  Relational DBMS
Score54.69
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.nuodb.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasedoc.nuodb.comhelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMicrosoftNuoDB, Inc.SAPStardog-Union
Initial release20002010201320102010
Current release8.8, January 2019V122.0 SPS04, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial infolimited edition freecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.yesnono infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedhosted infoAmazon EC2, Windows Azure, SoftLayer
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnonono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginTransact SQLJava, SQLSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonedata is dynamically stored/cached on the nodes where it is read/writtenyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableyes infoManaged transparently by NuoDByesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infotunable commit protocolACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoMVCCyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoTemporary tableyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardStandard SQL roles/ privileges, Administrative UsersyesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBSAP HANAStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Horizontal scale-out, continuous availability, multi-tenant support, ANSI SQL compatible,...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
NuoDB is a scale-out SQL RDBMS based on a Durable Distributed Caching (DDC) architecture....
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Operational / OLTP database workloads in data centers or public clouds
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Dassault Systemes, Santander, Temenos
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Fast growing commercial and enterprise customer base IDC Innovators: Dynamically...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Subscription-based pricing with free community edition and commercial enterprise...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

Running NuoDB in Docker - Part III: How to use common SQL execution GUI tools with NuoDB (Tech Blog)
16 January 2020

Why and When You Need Transactional DDL in Your Database (Tech Blog)
2 January 2020

Answers to Your 5 Questions about Database Scalability (Tech Blog)
6 December 2019

Top 10 FAQs from KubeCon 2019 in San Diego (Tech Blog)
26 November 2019

How Can I Confirm That My NuoDB Upgrade Completed Successfully? (Tech Blog)
20 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNuoDBSAP HANAStardog
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, Yahoo Finance

GraphDB Improves the Knowledge Graph Experience in Latest Update
12 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Deployment options for Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
9 January 2020, Channel 9

Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
30 December 2019, Database Journal

It's just SQL: Collations in Azure SQL Database Managed Instance - Microsoft
2 January 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Azure Arc
14 January 2020, InfoWorld

Overview of Azure SQL Database Networking
25 November 2019, Database Journal

provided by Google News

NuoDB set to improve distributed SQL performance
7 January 2020, TechTarget

NuoDB Partners with Rancher Labs to Deliver a Cloud-native SQL Database Across Multi-Cloud Environments for Hong Kong FinTech Leader WeLab
19 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

NuoDB to Join Intel, & Temenos at SIBOS 2019 to Demonstrate the Power of Distributed SQL Databases
23 September 2019, GlobeNewswire

Distributed SQL Database NuoDB 4.0 Supports Kubernetes Operator and Indexing Improvements
7 October 2019, InfoQ.com

NuoDB Surpasses 200% Growth YoY in First Half of 2019
6 August 2019, GlobeNewswire

provided by Google News

Linux Bonus Pack Makes SAP Hana Movers Happy
14 January 2020, E3zine.com

SAP’s Hana Resolution For 2020
19 December 2019, E3zine.com

Enterprise Strategy Group Highlights Impact, Value of Actifio GO for SAP HANA on Google Cloud Platform
3 January 2020, MarTech Series

Huawei FusionServer Pro V5 now certified for SAP HANA Scale-Out Solution
12 January 2020, ITP.net

SAP C_HANATEC_16 Exam Questions Are Out - Download And Prepare
15 January 2020, The African Exponent

provided by Google News

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