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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MaxDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Neo4j

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-D  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA robust and reliable RDBMS optimized to run all major SAP solutionsDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerOpen source graph database
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.10
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.39
Rank#77  Overall
#40  Relational DBMS
Score27.54
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score48.22
Rank#22  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.commaxdb.sap.comazure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databaseneo4j.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationmaxdb.sap.com/­documentationdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databaseneo4j.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextSAP, acquired from Software AG (Adabas-D) in 1997MicrosoftNeo4j, Inc.
Initial release2000198420102007
Current release8.8, January 20197.9.09 (July 2018), 2018V123.5.8, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial infoLimited community edition freecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.noyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC++C++Java, Scala
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
hostedLinux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and schema-optional
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Lucene
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesno
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
WebDAV
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ADO.NET
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C#
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginyesTransact SQLyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functions
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handler
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationyes, with always 3 replicas availableCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version only
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4j
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

This Week in Neo4j – NODES 2019 Preview: Knowledge Graphs, Building a SurveyMonkey Clone, Sentiment Analysis with Neo4j and GCP
21 September 2019

SQL Server Advocate Turns Graph: 5-Minute Interview with Dee Pandian
20 September 2019

Connecting our Community with NODES 2019 Viewing Parties!
19 September 2019

How Graphs Enhance Artificial Intelligence
18 September 2019

NODES 2019: Announcing 52 Online Talks from Leading Graph Experts
17 September 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMaxDB infoformerly named Adabas-DMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureNeo4j
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Conferences and events

GraphConnect 2020
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