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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MariaDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MariaDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.19
Rank#136  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score90.09
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score50.54
Rank#20  Overall
#13  Relational DBMS
Score1.07
Rank#143  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.66
Rank#187  Overall
#93  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­libraryhelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docsdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperOntotextMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
SAPStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20002009201020102017
Current release8.8, January 201910.4.12, January 20202.0 SPS04, April 20197.3.0, May 20202.1.2, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++JavaC and C++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3SQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyyesnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yesMaster-master replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMariaDBSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together three must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more
News

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Return of the Jedi: Ontotext Platform Metamorphosis
21 April 2020

GraphDB Empowers Scientific Projects to Fight COVID-19 and Publish Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2020

Ontotext’s GraphDB Builds a Thriving Community of Expert Followers
2 April 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMariaDBSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
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Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext releases new version of GraphDB
15 May 2020, KMWorld Magazine

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, Yahoo Finance

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

MariaDB announces immediate availability of MariaDB SkySQL through Google Cloud Marketplace
12 May 2020, Help Net Security

Database Week: MariaDB lets you have it your way with new tier to SkySQL cloud
13 May 2020, ZDNet

Let's slip into something a bit more relational: SQL database crowd strikes back with brace of cloudy releases
14 May 2020, The Register

NoSQL Market 2027|• Couchbase • IBM • MariaDB • Oracle Database • Hibernate • MarkLogic • Aerospike • Neo technology
26 May 2020, Cole of Duty

MariaDB SkySQL Power Introduces Customization for Resource Utilization
15 May 2020, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

SAP HANA database turns 10
15 May 2020, TechTarget

SAP HANA on Linux - the best Linux platform is SUSE Enterprise
22 May 2020, TechHQ

Acuver Partners with SAP, leverages SAP C/4 HANA to offer unified customer experience
29 May 2020, CRN.in

Unlock The Full Value Of SAP Hana In The Cloud With IBM Power
1 May 2020, E3zine.com

SAP S/4 Hana Cloud Or On Premises: Which Option Is Right For You?
11 May 2020, E3zine.com

provided by Google News

Former Pivotal Software President Bill Cook Joins Yugabyte as CEO to Lead Next Stage of Growth
19 May 2020, Business Wire

Yugabyte Releases 451 Research Pathfinder Report: Distributed SQL: An Enabler for Global Transactional Workloads
13 May 2020, Business Wire

Executive Perspective: Database Directions | Transforming Data with Intelligence
15 May 2020, TDWI

31 commercial open-source software startups that will thrive in 2020
3 May 2020, Business Insider

Yugabyte Scales to New Heights with the Release of YugabyteDB 2.1
25 February 2020, Business Wire

provided by Google News

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