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DBMS > GraphDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. MariaDB vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Database as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerIn-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
Graph DBMS
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score87.45
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score28.20
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score54.69
Rank#19  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score0.81
Rank#165  Overall
#13  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.commariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasehelp.sap.com/­hanawww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
MicrosoftSAPStardog-Union
Initial release20002009201020102010
Current release8.8, January 201910.4.11, December 2019V122.0 SPS04, April 20196.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercialcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.noyesno infoalso available as a cloud based serviceno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
  • Azure Database for MariaDB: A fully managed, scalable MariaDB relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
hostedAppliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server Pluginyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3Transact SQLSQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keyyesnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
yes, with always 3 replicas availableyesMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infowith MEMORY storage engineyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

A New Hope: The Rise of the Knowledge Graph
6 December 2019

The New Improved and Open GraphDB
7 November 2019

It Takes Two to Tango: Knowledge Graphs and Text Analysis
5 November 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
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Azure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
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CData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
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We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMariaDBMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureSAP HANAStardog
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
New York City, USA, 4-6 May 2020

Recent citations in the news

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB 9.1 - the Database to Support High-quality Knowledge Graphs
13 January 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

MariaDB Announces Cloud Native Open Source DB
20 January 2020, iProgrammer

MariaDB goes bigly on cloud-native smart apps
17 January 2020, ComputerWeekly.com

MariaDB Platform X4 Enables Modern Apps Using Smart Transactions and Cloud-Native Data Storage
15 January 2020, Database Trends and Applications

MariaDB Platform Goes Cloud Native, Powers a New Generation of Modern Applications with Smart Transactions
14 January 2020, PRNewswire

MariaDB X4 brings smart transactions to open source database
16 January 2020, TechTarget

provided by Google News

Running Database Console Commands (DBCCs) on Azure SQL Database
20 January 2020, Database Journal

Overview of Azure SQL Database Serverless
30 December 2019, Database Journal

Deployment options for Azure SQL Database | Data Exposed - Microsoft
9 January 2020, Channel 9

It's just SQL: Collations in Azure SQL Database Managed Instance - Microsoft
2 January 2020, Channel 9

Understanding Azure Arc
14 January 2020, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Linux Bonus Pack Makes SAP Hana Movers Happy
14 January 2020, E3zine.com

Enterprise Strategy Group Highlights Impact, Value of Actifio GO for SAP HANA on Google Cloud Platform
3 January 2020, MarTech Series

SAP HANA and S4HANA Market Business Scenario 2020 | SWOT Analysis by Major Players- ,,,,,,
21 January 2020, Fusion Science Academy

How NTT is building cloud credentials in Thailand with SAP
21 January 2020, Channel Asia Singapore

Huawei FusionServer Pro V5 now certified for SAP HANA Scale-Out Solution
12 January 2020, ITP.net

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