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DBMS > GraphDB vs. LevelDB vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. LevelDB vs. RDF4J vs. Sequoiadb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSequoiadb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.NewSQL database with distributed OLTP and SQL
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Key-value storeRDF storeDocument store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.19
Rank#136  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score2.58
Rank#93  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
Score0.44
Rank#218  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score0.29
Rank#247  Overall
#34  Document stores
#117  Relational DBMS
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comgithub.com/­google/­leveldbrdf4j.orgwww.sequoiadb.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mdrdf4j.org/­documentationwww.sequoiadb.com/­en/­index.php?m=Files&a=index
DeveloperOntotextGoogleSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Sequoiadb Ltd.
Initial release2000201120042013
Current release8.8, January 20191.22, May 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoBSDOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoServer: AGPL; Client: Apache V2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC++JavaC++
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Illumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyes infooid, date, timestamp, binary, regex
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languagenonoSQL-like query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
Java
PHP
Python
.Net
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginnoyesJavaScript
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationnonenoneMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usedDocument is locked during a transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnonosimple password-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMLevelDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSequoiadb
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Return of the Jedi: Ontotext Platform Metamorphosis
21 April 2020

GraphDB Empowers Scientific Projects to Fight COVID-19 and Publish Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2020

Ontotext’s GraphDB Builds a Thriving Community of Expert Followers
2 April 2020

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMLevelDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSequoiadb
Conferences and events

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
Webinar, 5 pm CEST / 12 pm EDT / 6 pm EEST, 14 May 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext releases new version of GraphDB
15 May 2020, KMWorld Magazine

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

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17 October 2019, Phoronix

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15 February 2020, BleepingComputer

Couchbase replaces its storage engine with homegrown ForestDB
2 October 2014, Gigaom

Samsung Announces Standards-Compliant Key-Value SSD Prototype
5 September 2019, AnandTech

Facebook open sources low-latency scalable database - Software - Storage
22 November 2013, iT News

provided by Google News

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match Expressivity of Graphs
30 April 2020, AiThority

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
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26 May 2020, Cole of Duty

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