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DBMS > GraphDB vs. InfluxDB vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. InfluxDB vs. RDF4J vs. Spark SQL vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonInfluxDB  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise -Ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.DBMS for storing time series, events and metricsRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.Spark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSRDF storeRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.14
Rank#114  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score26.25
Rank#27  Overall
#1  Time Series DBMS
Score0.51
Rank#230  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Score18.45
Rank#34  Overall
#21  Relational DBMS
Score1.46
Rank#137  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websiteontotext.comwww.influxdata.com/­products/­influxdb-overviewrdf4j.orgspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.influxdata.com/­influxdbrdf4j.org/­documentationspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.stardog.com
DeveloperOntotextSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.Apache Software FoundationStardog-Union
Initial release20002013200420142010
Current release9.6, February 20212.0.2, November 20203.0.1, October 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoMIT-License; commercial enterprise version availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.Open Source infoApache 2.0commercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaGoJavaScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X infothrough Homebrew
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-freeyes infoRDF Schemasyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data and Stringsyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyesnoyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCSQL-like query languagenoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
JSON over UDP
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Java
Python
R
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitynoyesnouser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnonoyesnoyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoin enterprise version onlynoneyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationselectable replication factor infoin enterprise version onlynonenoneMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnonoyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infoIsolation support depends on the API usednoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as wellyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes infoDepending on used storage enginenoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.simple rights management via user accountsnonoAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfluxDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQLStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
InfluxData is the creator of InfluxDB , the open source time series database. It...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Time to Value An end-to-end platform, InfluxData is ready to go on the cloud or via...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
IoT & Sensor Monitoring Instrumentation of every available surface in the material...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
InfluxData has over 630 paying customers, including IBM, PayPal, Siemens Tesla and...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Fastest growing database to garnish 17,000 github stars Over 260,000 daily active...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Open source core with closed source clustering available either on-premise or on...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

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22 February 2021

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Announcement: Register for InfluxDays EMEA 2021
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Release Announcement: Telegraf 1.17.3
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We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMInfluxDBRDF4J infoformerly known as SesameSpark SQLStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Why Build a Time Series Data Platform?
20 July 2017, Paul Dix (guest author)

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
4 July 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

Time Series DBMS as a new trend?
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Conferences and events

Generate Value from Your Knowledge Graph in Days
11am EST | 4pm GMT | 5pm CET, 4 March 2021

Finished events

Knowledge Graphs for Enterprise Data Management
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 5 November 2020 (finished)

Data Virtualization with GraphDB
Webinar, 4pm GMT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EET / 10am EST / 7am PST, 4 February 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, AiThority

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

InfluxData Secures SOC 2 Type II Certification For InfluxDB Cloud
29 January 2021, AiThority

PayPal Standardizes on Apache Airflow and Apache Gobblin for Its Next-Gen Data Movement Platform
10 February 2021, InfoQ.com

QuestDB has built a lightning fast time series database. Can it build a business to match?
16 February 2021, TechRepublic

InfluxDB to Revamp Storage Engine for Time-Series Database
30 November 2020, DevOps.com

Reasons to switch to the InfluxDB time-series database, explored
25 August 2020, TechHQ

provided by Google News

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

provided by Google News

Spark 3.0 Brings Big SQL Speed-Up, Better Python Hooks
25 June 2020, Datanami

The 12 Best Apache Spark Courses and Online Training for 2021
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Spark AI Summit 2020 Highlights: Innovations to Improve Spark 3.0 Performance
3 July 2020, InfoQ.com

Microsoft brings .NET dev to Apache Spark
29 October 2020, InfoWorld

Spark 3 Improves Python and SQL Support
22 June 2020, iProgrammer

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