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DBMS > GraphDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. IBM Db2 vs. Microsoft Azure SQL Database vs. Stardog

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL Azure  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportCommon in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxDatabase as a Service offering with high compatibility to Microsoft SQL ServerEnterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score1.14
Rank#143  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score165.55
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score31.41
Rank#25  Overall
#14  Relational DBMS
Score0.91
Rank#162  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Websitegraphdb.ontotext.comwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2azure.microsoft.com/­en-us/­services/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­sql-databasewww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperOntotextIBMMicrosoftStardog-Union
Initial release20001983 infohost version20102010
Current release8.8, January 201912.1, October 2016V126.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infolimited edition freecommercial infofree version is availablecommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.noyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C++Java
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
hostedLinux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLSPARQL is used as query languageyesyesSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresJava Server PluginyesTransact SQLuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replicationyes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)yes, with always 3 replicas availableMaster-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesyesyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

A Graphful of Investment Opportunities
10 January 2020

Ontotext’s Most Popular Blog Posts for 2019
30 December 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Microsoft Azure SQL Database infoformerly SQL AzureStardog
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Conferences and events

Designing Semantic Technology Proof-of-Concept
Online Training, 13:00 – 18:00 UTC, 12 December 2019 (finished)

Ontotext Platform – the Fast Track from an RDF Model to a Knowledge Graph
Online Training, 4pm GMT, 17 December 2019 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

Ontotext GraphDB Named Innovator in Bloor's Graph Database Market Research
11 February 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

provided by Google News

'Dear Larry': NewSQL Vendor Trolls Oracle Chairman
21 February 2020, Datanami

How do OODBMS and ORDBMS Differ from RDBMS?
10 February 2020, Database Journal

NGS Breaks Scalability Barrier With OLAP Client
10 February 2020, IT Jungle

How IBM Is Turning Db2 into an 'AI Database'
3 June 2019, Datanami

BMC Extends DevOps Reach to Db2 Databases
12 August 2019, DevOps.com

provided by Google News

Introduction to Azure SQL Database Auto-Failover Groups
17 February 2020, Database Journal

SentryOne Launches New Experience for Teams Managing Database Performance Monitoring
11 February 2020, Yahoo Finance

Learning SQL: Skills and Knowledge You Need to Know
23 January 2020, Dice Insights

Microsoft Azure Updates: Cloud vulnerabilities; Shared Disks; Connected Vehicle Platform; New partnerships; Great Barrier Reef
15 February 2020, MSDynamicsWorld.com

AZ-900: Microsoft Azure Fundamentals
3 February 2020, Techwire.net

provided by Google News

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