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DBMS > GraphDB vs. Heroic vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. Heroic vs. Neo4j vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Time Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchOpen source graph databaseRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSRDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.24
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.34
Rank#258  Overall
#19  Time Series DBMS
Score51.04
Rank#20  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score0.54
Rank#225  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitewww.ontotext.comspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexneo4j.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewneo4j.com/­docsrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperOntotextSpotifyNeo4j, Inc.Since 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2000201420072004
Current release9.6, February 20214.2.4 , March 2021
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud serviceno infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesschema-freeschema-free and schema-optionalyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes infovia Elasticsearchyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCnonono
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitynoyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsyes
Triggersnonoyes infovia event handleryes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnoneShardingnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesCausal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlynone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Causal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.no
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Users, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)no
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMHeroicNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Over 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Neo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
News

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Graphs for Real-Time Transaction Processing: 5-Minute Interview with Jorge Zaccaro
9 April 2021

Advantages of Neo4j Aura Enterprise: Innovative and Trusted
5 April 2021

This Week in Neo4j – Build a Knowledge Graph, GRANDstack Podcast App, Archimate Model,
3 April 2021

#GraphCast: Current Leverages Neo4j for a Modern Banking Approach
2 April 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGraphable delivers expert services for Neo4j and other Graph DBMS.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMHeroicNeo4jRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

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Conferences and events

Accelerated R&D with a FAIR Data Fabric in Life Sciences
Webinar, 7am PDT / 10am EDT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EEST, 14 April 2021

Finished events

Data Virtualization with GraphDB
Webinar, 4pm GMT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EET / 10am EST / 7am PST, 4 February 2021 (finished)

Generate Value from Your Knowledge Graph in Days
11am EST | 4pm GMT | 5pm CET, 4 March 2021 (finished)

What's wrong with your application? - presented by Graphable.ai
Webinar, 6 April 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, AiThority

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Review: Google Bigtable scales with ease
7 September 2016, InfoWorld

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7 April 2021, Business Wire

HiPaaS announces OEM partnership with Neo4j to accelerate Healthcare EDI and Interoperability Solutions
24 March 2021, PR Web

The 7 Best Graph Databases to Consider for 2021
29 March 2021, Solutions Review

Graph Databases Software Market 2020 Potential Growth, SWOT Analysis and Development of Industry by 2027 | Neo4j, ArangoDB, SAP, Twitter, The Apache Software Foundation, Cayley – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
13 April 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Database and DBaaS Market 2021 Business Scenario – Neo4j, Oracle, Rackspace, RDX, IBM, DataStax, CenturyLink, Redis Labs – The Courier
10 April 2021, The Courier

provided by Google News

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Big data database Apache Rya becomes a Top Level Project
10 October 2019, JAXenter

Amazon Neptune review: A scalable graph database for OLTP
13 May 2019, InfoWorld

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.9 Boosts Semantic Similarity Search
10 April 2019, PR Newswire UK

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