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DBMS > GraphDB vs. H2 vs. TypeDB

System Properties Comparison GraphDB vs. H2 vs. TypeDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonH2  Xexclude from comparisonTypeDB infoformerly named Grakn  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Full-featured RDBMS with a small footprint, either embedded into a Java application or used as a database server.TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical type system and TypeQL as its query language
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score2.70
Rank#111  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score9.83
Rank#51  Overall
#31  Relational DBMS
Score0.67
Rank#210  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#101  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.ontotext.comwww.h2database.comvaticle.com
Technical documentationgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationwww.h2database.com/­html/­main.htmldocs.vaticle.com
Social network pagesLinkedInTwitterYouTubeGitHubMedium
DeveloperOntotextThomas MuellerVaticle (formerly Grakn Labs)
Initial release200020052016
Current release9.8, June 20212.1.210, January 20222.8.1, April 2022
License infoCommercial or Open Sourcecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infodual-licence (Mozilla public license, Eclipse public license)Open Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaJava
Server operating systemsAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VMLinux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLstored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesno
APIs and other access methodsGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
gRPC protocol
TypeDB Console (shell)
TypeDB Studio (Visualisation software- previously TypeDB Workbase)
Supported programming languages.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored procedureswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityJava Stored Procedures and User-Defined Functionsno
Triggersnoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesnonenoneSharding infoby using Cassandra
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationWith clustering: 2 database servers on different computers operate on identical copies of a databaseMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandra
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonoyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeper
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityyes infoConstraint checkingyesno infosubstituted by the relationship feature
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes, multi-version concurrency control (MVCC)yes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesno
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progress
More information provided by the system vendor
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMH2TypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Meet TypeDB (and TypeQL ) TypeDB is a strongly-typed database with a rich and logical...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Entity-Relationship Model TypeDB allows you to model your domain using the well-known...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Life sciences : TypeDB makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
AGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more

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More resources
GraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMH2TypeDB infoformerly named Grakn
Conferences and events

Effective Sanctions Compliance with Ontotext
Webinar, 8am PT / 11am ET / 4pm BST / 5pm CEST, 13 April 2022 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Ontotext Webinar - GraphDB as Company Data Central
10 March 2022, PR Newswire

Ontotext Demo Day
20 April 2022, PR Newswire

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PR Newswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PR Newswire

Ontotext and Synaptica join forces with a shared product roadmap to speed up the development of Enterprise Knowledge Graphs.
16 November 2020, PR Newswire

provided by Google News

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