DBMS > Graph Engine vs. PostgreSQL
System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. PostgreSQL
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|Editorial information provided by DB-Engines|
|Name||Graph Engine former name: Trinity Xexclude from comparison||PostgreSQL Xexclude from comparison|
|Description||A distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engine||Widely used open source RDBMS Developed as objectoriented DBMS (Postgres), gradually enhanced with 'standards' like SQL|
|Primary database model||Graph DBMS|
|Relational DBMS with object oriented extensions, e.g.: user defined types/functions and inheritance. Handling of key/value pairs with hstore module.|
|Secondary database models||Document store|
|Developer||Microsoft||PostgreSQL Global Development Group www.postgresql.org/developer|
|Initial release||2010||1989 1989: Postgres, 1996: PostgreSQL|
|Current release||14.4, June 2022|
|License Commercial or Open Source||Open Source MIT License||Open Source BSD|
|Cloud-based only Only available as a cloud service||no||no|
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|Implementation language||.NET and C||C|
|Server operating systems||.NET||FreeBSD|
|Typing predefined data types such as float or date||yes||yes|
|XML support Some form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.||no||yes specific XML-type available, but no XML query functionality.|
|SQL Support of SQL||no||yes standard with numerous extensions|
|APIs and other access methods||RESTful HTTP API||ADO.NET|
native C library
streaming API for large objects
|Supported programming languages||C#|
|Server-side scripts Stored procedures||yes||user defined functions realized in proprietary language PL/pgSQL or with common languages like Perl, Python, Tcl etc.|
|Partitioning methods Methods for storing different data on different nodes||horizontal partitioning||partitioning by range, list and (since PostgreSQL 11) by hash|
|Replication methods Methods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodes||Source-replica replication other methods possible by using 3rd party extensions|
|MapReduce Offers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methods||no|
|Consistency concepts Methods to ensure consistency in a distributed system||Immediate Consistency|
|Foreign keys Referential integrity||no||yes|
|Transaction concepts Support to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of data||no||ACID|
|Concurrency Support for concurrent manipulation of data||yes||yes|
|Durability Support for making data persistent||optional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storage||yes|
|In-memory capabilities Is there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.||yes||no|
|User concepts Access control||fine grained access rights according to SQL-standard|
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|Graph Engine former name: Trinity||PostgreSQL|
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