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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Microsoft SQL Server vs. Oracle Rdb

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft SQL Server  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Rdb  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineMicrosofts flagship relational DBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.61
Rank#240  Overall
#21  Graph DBMS
#35  Key-value stores
Score824.29
Rank#3  Overall
#3  Relational DBMS
Score1.08
Rank#184  Overall
#85  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.iowww.microsoft.com/­en-us/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­rdb.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manuallearn.microsoft.com/­en-US/­sql/­sql-serverwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­rdb-doc.html
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftOracle, originally developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
Initial release201019891984
Current releaseSQL Server 2022, November 20227.4.1.1, 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial inforestricted free version is availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CC++
Server operating systems.NETLinux
Windows
HP Open VMS
Data schemeyesyesFlexible Schema (defined schema, partial schema, schema free)
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
C++
Delphi
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQL, .NET languages, R, Python and (with SQL Server 2019) Java
Triggersnoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningtables can be distributed across several files (horizontal partitioning); sharding through federation
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes, but depending on the SQL-Server Edition
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDyes, on a single node
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft SQL ServerOracle Rdb
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