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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. Spark SQL vs. TimesTen

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSpark SQL  Xexclude from comparisonTimesTen  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerSpark SQL is a component on top of 'Spark Core' for structured data processingIn-Memory RDBMS compatible to Oracle
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score22.94
Rank#34  Overall
#20  Relational DBMS
Score1.85
Rank#125  Overall
#60  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­sqlwww.oracle.com/­database/­technologies/­related/­timesten.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analyticsspark.apache.org/­docs/­latest/­sql-programming-guide.htmldocs.oracle.com/­database/­timesten-18.1
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftApache Software FoundationOracle, TimesTen Performance Software, HP infooriginally founded in HP Labs it was acquired by Oracle in 2005
Initial release2010201620141998
Current release3.1.1, March 202111 Release 2 (11.2.2.8.0)
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++Scala
Server operating systems.NEThostedLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris SPARC/x86
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono
Secondary indexesyesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesSQL-like DML and DDL statementsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
JDBC
ODBC
ODP.NET
Oracle Call Interface (OCI)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C#
Java
PHP
Java
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Java
PL/SQL
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesTransact SQLnoPL/SQL
Triggersnononono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioningyes, utilizing Spark Corenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency or Eventual Consistency depending on configuration
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsnoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDnoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes infoby means of logfiles and checkpoints
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyesnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSpark SQLTimesTen
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