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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Milvus vs. TerarkDB

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Microsoft Azure Cosmos DB vs. Milvus vs. TerarkDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDB  Xexclude from comparisonMilvus  Xexclude from comparisonTerarkDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineGlobally distributed, horizontally scalable, multi-model database serviceA DBMS designed for efficient storage of vector data and vector similarity searchesA key-value store forked from RocksDB with advanced compression algorithms. It can be used standalone or as a storage engine for MySQL and MongoDB
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Document store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Wide column store
Search engineKey-value store
Secondary database modelsSpatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score40.22
Rank#27  Overall
#4  Document stores
#2  Graph DBMS
#3  Key-value stores
#3  Wide column stores
Score0.37
Rank#259  Overall
#17  Search engines
Score0.00
Rank#354  Overall
#54  Key-value stores
Websitewww.graphengine.ioazure.microsoft.com/­services/­cosmos-dbmilvus.iogithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­cosmos-dbmilvus.io/­docs/­overview.mdgithub.com/­Terark/­terarkdb/­wiki
DeveloperMicrosoftMicrosoftTerark
Initial release2010201420192016
Current release2.0, January 2022
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicensecommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2.0commercial inforestricted open source version available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CC++, GoC++
Server operating systems.NEThostedLinux
macOS info10.14 or later
Windows infowith WSL 2 enabled
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infoJSON typesNumeric and Stringno
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyes infoAll properties auto-indexed by defaultnono
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query languagenono
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIDocumentDB API
Graph API (Gremlin)
MongoDB API
RESTful HTTP API
Table API
RESTful HTTP APIC++ API
Java API
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
MongoDB client drivers written for various programming languages
Python
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesJavaScriptnono
TriggersnoJavaScriptnono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud servicenone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodswith Hadoop integration infoIntegration with Hadoop/HDInsight on Azure*nono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemBounded Staleness
Consistent Prefix
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable on request level
Session Consistency
Bounded Staleness
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Session Consistency
Tunable Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoMulti-item ACID transactions with snapshot isolation within a partitionnono
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights can be defined down to the item levelnono
More information provided by the system vendor
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMilvusTerarkDB
Specific characteristicsMilvus is an open-source and cloud-native vector database built for production-ready...
» more
Competitive advantagesHighly available, versatile, and robust with millisecond latency. Supports batch...
» more
Typical application scenariosVideo media : video understanding, video deduplication. E-commerce and mobile applications...
» more
Key customersMilvus is trusted by over 1,000 enterprises, including Baidu, eBay, IKEA, LINE, Shopee,...
» more
Market metricsAs of March 2022, 9.8k+ GitHub stars 1.4k+ Github forks 871k+ docker pulls 2k+ community...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsMilvus was released under the open-source Apache License 2.0 in October 2019. Managed...
» more

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityMicrosoft Azure Cosmos DB infoformer name was Azure DocumentDBMilvusTerarkDB
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