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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Impala vs. Kdb+ vs. SAP Adaptive Server

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Impala vs. Kdb+ vs. SAP Adaptive Server

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonKdb+  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineAnalytic DBMS for HadoopHigh performance Time Series DBMSThe SAP (Sybase) Adaptive Server Enterprise (ASE) is an enterprise-class RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Relational DBMSTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument storeRelational DBMSSpatial DBMS infowith Boeing's Spatial Query Server
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score18.03
Rank#40  Overall
#25  Relational DBMS
Score8.98
Rank#54  Overall
#2  Time Series DBMS
Score47.78
Rank#25  Overall
#17  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.iowww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlkx.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sybase-ase.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlcode.kx.comhelp.sap.com/­viewer/­product/­SAP_ASE
DeveloperMicrosoftClouderaKx Systems, a division of First Derivatives plcSAP, Sybase
Initial release201020132000 infokdb was released 2000, kdb+ in 20031987
Current release4.0.0, July 20213.6, May 201816.0
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache Version 2commercial infofree 32-bit versioncommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CC++qC and C++
Server operating systems.NETLinuxLinux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes infotable attribute 'grouped'yes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsSQL-like query language (q)yes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIJDBC
ODBC
HTTP API
JDBC
Jupyter
Kafka
ODBC
WebSocket
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Tabular Data Stream (TDS)
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Go
J
Java
JavaScript
Lua
MatLab
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Scala
C
C++
Cobol
Java
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceuser defined functionsJava and Transact-SQL
Triggersnonoyes infowith viewsyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardinghorizontal partitioninghorizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesselectable replication factorSource-replica replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno infosimilar paradigm used for internal processingno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonoyesyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and Kerberosrights management via user accountsfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityImpalaKdb+SAP Adaptive Server infoformer name: Sybase ASE
DB-Engines blog posts

Time Series DBMS are the database category with the fastest increase in popularity
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