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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Prometheus vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. Microsoft Azure Data Explorer vs. Prometheus vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Data Explorer  Xexclude from comparisonPrometheus  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchFully managed big data interactive analytics platformOpen-source TimeSeries DBMS and monitoring systemLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS infocolumn orientedTime Series DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store infoIf a column is of type dynamic docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-types/­dynamic then it's possible to add arbitrary JSON documents in this cell
Event Store infothis is the general usage pattern at Microsoft. Billing, Logs, Telemetry events are stored in ADX and the state of an individual entity is defined by the arg_max(timestamps)
Search engine infosupport for complex search expressions docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­parseoperator FTS, Geospatial docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­geo-point-to-geohash-function distributed search -> ADX acts as a distributed search engine
Time Series DBMS infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorer/­time-series-analysis
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.91
Rank#184  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#30  Key-value stores
Score0.22
Rank#285  Overall
#25  Time Series DBMS
Score7.54
Rank#58  Overall
#34  Relational DBMS
Score6.13
Rank#67  Overall
#3  Time Series DBMS
Score3.68
Rank#91  Overall
#47  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexazure.microsoft.com/­services/­data-explorerprometheus.iowww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewdocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­data-explorerprometheus.io/­docs
DeveloperMicrosoftSpotifyMicrosoftSybase, SAP
Initial release20102014201920151993
Current releasecloud service with continuous releases
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercialOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonoyesnono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CJavaGo
Server operating systems.NEThostedLinux
Windows
Linux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeFixed schema with schema-less datatypes (dynamic)yesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infobool, datetime, dynamic, guid, int, long, real, string, timespan, double: docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­query/­scalar-data-typesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno infoImport of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyes infovia Elasticsearchall fields are automatically indexednoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoKusto Query Language (KQL), SQL subsetnoyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
Microsoft SQL Server communication protocol (MS-TDS)
RESTful HTTP API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PowerShell
Python
R
.Net
C++
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnoYes, possible languages: KQL, Python, Rnoyes
Triggersnonoyes infosee docs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­kusto/­management/­updatepolicynoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingSharding infoImplicit feature of the cloud serviceShardingnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesyes infoImplicit feature of the cloud service. Replication either local, cross-facility or geo-redundant.yes infoby FederationMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynonononoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanonononoACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnononono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlAzure Active Directory Authenticationnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standard
More information provided by the system vendor
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHeroicMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPrometheusSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
Specific characteristicsAzure Data Explorer is a fast and highly scalable data exploration service for log...
» more
Competitive advantagesKusto Query Language (innovative query language, optimized for high performance data...
» more
Typical application scenariosIoT applications IoT devices generate billions of sensor readings. Normalizing and...
» more
Key customersMicrosoft, DocuSign, Taboola, Bosch, Siemens Healthineers, Bühler, Ecolab, Zoomd
» more
Market metricsAzure Data Explorer is the data service for Azure Monitor, Azure Time Series Insights,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAn Azure Data Explorer cluster is a pair of engine and data management clusters which...
» more

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHeroicMicrosoft Azure Data ExplorerPrometheusSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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