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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. Heroic vs. LevelDB vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics vs. SAP Advantage Database Server

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonHeroic  Xexclude from comparisonLevelDB  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparisonSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineTime Series DBMS built at Spotify based on Cassandra or Google Cloud Bigtable, and ElasticSearchEmbeddable fast key-value storage library that provides an ordered mapping from string keys to string valuesElastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL ServerLow-cost RDBMS with access to ISAM and FoxPro data structures
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Time Series DBMSKey-value storeRelational DBMSRelational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score0.07
Rank#315  Overall
#29  Time Series DBMS
Score2.90
Rank#98  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Score3.89
Rank#86  Overall
#46  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.iospotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­indexgithub.com/­google/­leveldbazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analyticswww.sap.com/­products/­advantage-database-server.html
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualspotify.github.io/­heroic/­#!/­docs/­overviewgithub.com/­google/­leveldb/­blob/­master/­doc/­index.mddocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperMicrosoftSpotifyGoogleMicrosoftSybase, SAP
Initial release20102014201120161993
Current release1.23, February 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT LicenseOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoBSDcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyesno
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation language.NET and CJavaC++C++
Server operating systems.NETIllumos
Linux
OS X
Windows
hostedLinux
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeschema-freeyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyes infovia Elasticsearchnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnononoyesyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIHQL (Heroic Query Language, a JSON-based language)
HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
.NET Client API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
OLE DB
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
C++
Go
Java info3rd party binding
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Python info3rd party binding
C#
Java
PHP
Delphi
Perl
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyesnonoTransact SQLyes
Triggersnonononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningShardingnoneSharding, horizontal partitioningnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesyesnoneyesMulti-source replication infoCONFLICT Trigger to resolve replication conflicts
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynononono infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraintsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanononoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyes infowith automatic compression on writesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yesnono infocaching of (temporary) tables can be configured
User concepts infoAccess controlnoyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standard

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityHeroicLevelDBMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data WarehouseSAP Advantage Database Server infoformer name: Sybase ADS
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