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DBMS > Graph Engine vs. GraphDB vs. Kingbase vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

System Properties Comparison Graph Engine vs. GraphDB vs. Kingbase vs. Microsoft Azure Synapse Analytics

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGraph Engine infoformer name: Trinity  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonKingbase  Xexclude from comparisonMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionA distributed in-memory data processing engine, underpinned by a strongly-typed RAM store and a general distributed computation engineEnterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle and widely used in China.Elastic, large scale data warehouse service leveraging the broad eco-system of SQL Server
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Key-value store
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Spatial DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.85
Rank#190  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#31  Key-value stores
Score2.65
Rank#105  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score0.35
Rank#262  Overall
#123  Relational DBMS
Score17.27
Rank#39  Overall
#24  Relational DBMS
Websitewww.graphengine.iowww.ontotext.comwww.kingbase.com.cnazure.microsoft.com/­services/­synapse-analytics
Technical documentationwww.graphengine.io/­docs/­manualgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationbbs.kingbase.com.cn/­chess_wenku-index.htmldocs.microsoft.com/­azure/­synapse-analytics
DeveloperMicrosoftOntotextBeiJing KINGBASE Information technologies inc.Microsoft
Initial release2010200019992016
Current release9.8, June 2021V8.0, August 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoMIT Licensecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialcommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononoyes
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation language.NET and CJavaC and JavaC++
Server operating systems.NETAll OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Windows
hosted
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCStandard with numerous extensionsyes
APIs and other access methodsRESTful HTTP APIGeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
gokb
JDBC
kdbndp
ODBC
PDI
PDO
Pro*C
psycopg2
QT
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Supported programming languagesC#
C++
F#
Visual Basic
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
C#
Java
PHP
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresyeswell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityuser defined functionsTransact SQL
Triggersnonoyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodeshorizontal partitioningnonehorizontal partitioning (by range, list and hash) and vertical partitioningSharding, horizontal partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replicationyesyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsnonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integritynoyes infoConstraint checkingyesno infodocs.microsoft.com/­en-us/­azure/­synapse-analytics/­sql-data-warehouse/­sql-data-warehouse-table-constraints
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of datanoACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentoptional: either by committing a write-ahead log (WAL) to the local persistent storage or by dumping the memory to a persistent storageyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.yes
User concepts infoAccess controlDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.fine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyes
More information provided by the system vendor
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMKingbaseMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Specific characteristicsGraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
An enterprise-class RDBMS compatible with PostgreSQL and Oracle. It has the following...
» more
Competitive advantagesGraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Complete database management platform with Integrated Development Environment Tool,...
» more
Typical application scenariosMetadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
New applications for transactional and mixed workloads that need to integrate with...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
The main customers are: China National Petroleum Corporation China Petrochemical...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
At present, the main market is in China, but expansion to the international market...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsGraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Business license. Various sales modes: for example, sales by set, sales by CPU quantity,...
» more

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More resources
Graph Engine infoformer name: TrinityGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMKingbaseMicrosoft Azure Synapse Analytics infopreviously named Azure SQL Data Warehouse
Conferences and events

Knowledge Graph Forum
Virtual Event, 10/26:3pm CEST, 10/27:7:30pm CEST, 26-27 October 2021

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