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DBMS > Grakn vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. VelocityDB vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. VelocityDB vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used in-process key-value storeRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)High performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Key-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Document store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score2.69
Rank#92  Overall
#17  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score5.23
Rank#60  Overall
#33  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#298  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
#16  Object oriented DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#167  Overall
#25  Document stores
#29  Key-value stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlvelocitydb.comwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlhelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherevelocitydb.com/­UserGuidedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperGrakn LabsOracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleSAP infoformerly SybaseVelocityDB IncGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20161994199220112000
Current release1.6.2, January 202018.1 (Core), June 201817, July 20157.x14.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infocommercial license availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)C#Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Any that supports .NETLinux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesnoyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionyesnono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableyesnoSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
.NetGigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlnoyes
Triggersnoyes infoonly for the SQL APIyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandranonenoneShardingSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-slave replicationMaster-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernononoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnofine grained access rights according to SQL-standardBased on Windows AuthenticationRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknOracle Berkeley DBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereVelocityDBXAP
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
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More resources
GraknOracle Berkeley DBSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereVelocityDBXAP
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