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DBMS > Grakn vs. MySQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. VelocityDB vs. XAP

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. MySQL vs. SAP SQL Anywhere vs. VelocityDB vs. XAP

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server Anywhere  Xexclude from comparisonVelocityDB  Xexclude from comparisonXAP  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used open source RDBMSRDBMS database and synchronization technologies for server, desktop, remote office, and mobile environmentsA .NET Object Database that can be embedded/distributed and extended to a graph data model (VelocityGraph)High performant in-memory data grid for mission critical applications. Insight Edge from the same company extends XAP for AI/ML support, BI and other interfaces
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Object oriented DBMS
Document store
Key-value store infoValues are user defined objects
Secondary database modelsDocument storeObject oriented DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score1259.73
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score5.50
Rank#58  Overall
#32  Relational DBMS
Score0.07
Rank#295  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
#16  Object oriented DBMS
Score0.82
Rank#164  Overall
#25  Document stores
#30  Key-value stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.mysql.comwww.sap.com/­products/­sql-anywhere.htmlvelocitydb.comwww.gigaspaces.com/­products/­xap
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdev.mysql.com/­dochelp.sap.com/­sql-anywherevelocitydb.com/­UserGuidedocs.gigaspaces.com/­latest/­landing.html
DeveloperGrakn LabsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSAP infoformerly SybaseVelocityDB IncGigaspaces Technologies
Initial release20161995199220112000
Current release1.6.2, January 20208.0.19, 202017, July 20157.x14.5.0, June 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availablecommercialcommercialOpen Source infoApache Version 2; Commercial licenses available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C#Java, C++, .Net
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Any that supports .NETLinux
macOS
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesnono infoXML can be used for describing objects metadata
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyesnoSQL-like query language and DML statements
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
ADO.NET
HTTP API
JDBC
ODBC
.NetGigaSpaces LRMI
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
JPA
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C
C#
C++
Delphi
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
.Net.Net
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxyes, in C/C++, Java, .Net or Perlnoyes
TriggersnoyesyesCallbacks are triggered when data changesyes infoEvent Listeners
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricnoneShardingSharding infoHash based
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-slave replication infoDatabase mirroringMaster-master replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
Master-slave replication infosynchronous or asynchronous
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernononoyes infoMap-Reduce pattern can be built with XAP task executors
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency infoConsistency level configurable: ALL, QUORUM, ANY
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyesnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardBased on Windows AuthenticationRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknMySQLSAP SQL Anywhere infoformerly called Adaptive Server AnywhereVelocityDBXAP
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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