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DBMS > Grakn vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. MySQL vs. OrientDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonOrientDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Widely used open source RDBMSMulti-model DBMS (Document, Graph, Key/Value)
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIDocument store
Graph DBMS
Key-value store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#206  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#99  Relational DBMS
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score4.88
Rank#71  Overall
#12  Document stores
#4  Graph DBMS
#12  Key-value stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.mysql.comorientdb.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docorientdb.org/­docs/­3.0.x
DeveloperGrakn LabsOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunOrientDB LTD; CallidusCloud
Initial release201619952010
Current release1.8.0, June 20208.0.20, 20203.1.0, June 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoApache version 2
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
All OS with a Java JDK (>= JDK 6)
Data schemeyesyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced for whole record ("schema-full") or for some fields only ("schema-hybrid")
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language, no joins
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Tinkerpop technology stack with Blueprints, Gremlin, Pipes
Java API
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
C
C#
C++
Clojure
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoproprietary syntaxJava, Javascript
TriggersnoyesHooks
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandrahorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL FabricSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono infocould be achieved with distributed queries
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationship in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesAccess rights for users and roles; record level security configurable
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknMySQLOrientDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 3/3
26 June 2020

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 2/3
26 June 2020

Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 1/3
26 June 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

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