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DBMS > Grakn vs. MongoDB

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. MongoDB

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Our visitors often compare Grakn and MongoDB with Neo4j, GraphDB and Dgraph.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMongoDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.One of the most popular document stores available both as a fully managed cloud service and for deployment on self-managed infrastructure
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Document store
Secondary database modelsSearch engine infointegrated Lucene index, currently in MongoDB Atlas only.
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score437.08
Rank#5  Overall
#1  Document stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.mongodb.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.mongodb.com/­manual
DeveloperGrakn LabsMongoDB, Inc
Initial release20162009
Current release1.7.2, June 20204.2.7, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoMongoDB Inc.'s Server Side Public License v1. Prior versions were published under GNU AGPL v3.0. Commercial licenses are also available.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoMongoDB available as DBaaS (MongoDB Atlas)
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
MongoDB Atlas: Deploy a fully managed cloud database on-demand and ready for use in minutes. Available on AWS, Azure, and GCP.
Implementation languageJavaC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free infoAlthough schema-free, documents of the same collection often follow the same structure. Optionally impose all or part of a schema by defining a JSON schema.
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infostring, integer, double, decimal, boolean, date, object_id, geospatial
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.no
Secondary indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoRead-only SQL queries via the MongoDB Connector for BI
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
proprietary protocol using JSON
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Actionscript infoinofficial driver
C
C#
C++
Clojure infoinofficial driver
ColdFusion infoinofficial driver
D infoinofficial driver
Dart infoinofficial driver
Delphi infoinofficial driver
Erlang
Go
Groovy infoinofficial driver
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp infoinofficial driver
Lua infoinofficial driver
MatLab infoinofficial driver
Perl
PHP
PowerShell infoinofficial driver
Prolog infoinofficial driver
Python
R infoinofficial driver
Ruby
Scala
Smalltalk infoinofficial driver
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJavaScript
Triggersnoyes infoin MongoDB Atlas only
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraSharding infopartitioned by hashed, ranged, or zoned sharding keys
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency infocan be individually decided for each write operation
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureno infotypically not used, however similar functionality with DBRef possible
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDMulti-document ACID Transactions with snapshot isolation
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infooptional
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infoIn-memory storage engine introduced with MongoDB version 3.2
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknMongoDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
MongoDB is the leading modern, general purpose data platform, designed to unleash...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
The MongoDB Data Platform can be used by developers building OLTP and analytical...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Internet of Things and Time Series (Bosch, Jaguar Land Rover) Mobile (The Weather...
» more
Key customersADP, Adobe, Amadeus, AstraZeneca, Auto Trader, Barclays, BBVA, Bosch, Cisco, CERN,...
» more
Market metrics70 million downloads (growing at more than 30 thousand downloads per day). 15,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
MongoDB database server: Server-Side Public License (SSPL) . Commercial licenses...
» more
News

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
18 April 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

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More resources
GraknMongoDB
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