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DBMS > Grakn vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TerminusDB

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. MariaDB vs. Oracle Berkeley DB vs. TerminusDB

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonOracle Berkeley DB  Xexclude from comparisonTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Widely used in-process key-value storeScalable Graph Database platform making enterprise data available by exploiting inferred entities and relationships
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSKey-value store infosupports sorted and unsorted key sets
Native XML DBMS infoin the Oracle Berkeley DB XML version
Graph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
Document store
RDF store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.74
Rank#199  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score92.29
Rank#12  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score3.61
Rank#90  Overall
#16  Key-value stores
#2  Native XML DBMS
Score0.12
Rank#297  Overall
#27  Graph DBMS
Websitegrakn.aimariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.oracle.com/­technetwork/­database/­database-technologies/­berkeleydb/­overview/­index.htmlterminusdb.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.oracle.com/­cd/­E17076_05/­html/­index.htmlterminusdb.com/­docs
DeveloperGrakn LabsMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Oracle infooriginally developed by Sleepycat, which was acquired by OracleDataChemist Ltd.
Initial release2016200919942018
Current release1.8.4, November 202010.5.8, 202018.1 (Core), June 20181.1.1, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availableOpen Source infocommercial license availableOpen Source infoGPL V3
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
SkySQL (The Ultimate MariaDB Cloud): The first and only DBaaS to bring the full power of MariaDB Platform to the cloud, combining powerful enterprise features and world-class support with unrivaled ease of use and groundbreaking innovation.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C, Java, C++ (depending on the Berkeley DB edition)Prolog, Rust
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
AIX
Android
FreeBSD
iOS
Linux
OS X
Solaris
VxWorks
Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-freeyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesnoyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyes infoonly with the Berkeley DB XML editionno
Secondary indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyes infowith proprietary extensionsyes infoSQL interfaced based on SQLite is availableSQL-like query language (WOQL)
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
OWL
RESTful HTTP API
WOQL (Web Object Query Language)
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net infoFigaro is a .Net framework assembly that extends Berkeley DB XML into an embeddable database engine for .NET
others infoThird-party libraries to manipulate Berkeley DB files are available for many languages
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js) info3rd party binding
Perl
Python
Tcl
JavaScript
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3noyes
Triggersnoyesyes infoonly for the SQL APIyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynoneGraph Partitioning
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraMulti-source replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Source-replica replication
Source-replica replicationJournaling Streams
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infonot for MyISAM storage enginenoyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyesyes infoin-memory journaling
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardnoRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknMariaDBOracle Berkeley DBTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
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Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
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Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Discover, Build, Inspire with Grakn - We’ll take care of the swag!
18 August 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

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More resources
GraknMariaDBOracle Berkeley DBTerminusDB infoformer name was DataChemist
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