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DBMS > Grakn vs. Impala vs. Redis

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. Impala vs. Redis

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonImpala  Xexclude from comparisonRedis  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Analytic DBMS for HadoopIn-memory data structure store, used as database, cache and message broker infoRedis focuses on performance so most of its design decisions prioritize high performance and very low latencies.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMSKey-value store infoMultiple data types and a rich set of operations, as well as configurable data expiration, eviction and persistence
Secondary database modelsDocument storeDocument store infowith Redis Modules
Graph DBMS infowith Redis Modules
Search engine infowith Redis Modules
Time Series DBMS infowith Redis Modules
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.75
Rank#191  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score15.15
Rank#37  Overall
#22  Relational DBMS
Score151.86
Rank#7  Overall
#1  Key-value stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.cloudera.com/­products/­open-source/­apache-hadoop/­impala.htmlredis.io
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsdocs.cloudera.com/­documentation/­enterprise/­latest/­topics/­impala.htmlredis.io/­documentation
DeveloperGrakn LabsClouderaSalvatore Sanfilippo infoDevelopment sponsored by Redis Labs
Initial release201620132009
Current release1.8.3, September 20203.3.0, August 20196.0.8, September 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache Version 2Open Source infoBSD 3-Clause, commercial license available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
ScaleGrid for Redis: Fully managed hosting for Redis on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC++C
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxBSD
Linux
OS X
Windows infoported and maintained by Microsoft Open Technologies, Inc.
Data schemeyesyesschema-free
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyespartial infoSupported data types are strings, hashes, lists, sets and sorted sets, bit arrays, hyperloglogs and geospatial indexes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonono
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infowith RediSearch module
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like DML and DDL statementsno
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
JDBC
ODBC
proprietary protocol infoRESP - REdis Serialization Protocol
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
All languages supporting JDBC/ODBCC
C#
C++
Clojure
Crystal
D
Dart
Elixir
Erlang
Fancy
Go
Haskell
Haxe
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Pascal
Perl
PHP
Prolog
Pure Data
Python
R
Rebol
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Swift
Tcl
Visual Basic
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes infouser defined functions and integration of map-reduceLua
Triggersnonono
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraShardingSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandraselectable replication factorMulti-source replication infowith Redis Enterprise Pack
Source-replica replication infoChained replication is supported
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeeperyes infoquery execution via MapReduceno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyEventual ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Strong eventual consistency with CRDTs
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoOptimistic locking, atomic execution of commands blocks and scripts
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infoData access is serialized by the server
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoConfigurable mechanisms for persistency via snapshots and/or operations logs
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressAccess rights for users, groups and roles infobased on Apache Sentry and KerberosSimple password-based access control infoAccess control lists and SSL are available in the commercial version
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknImpalaRedis
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Discover, Build, Inspire with Grakn - We’ll take care of the swag!
18 August 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraknImpalaRedis
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