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DBMS > Grakn vs. IRONdb vs. MySQL vs. RDF4J

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. IRONdb vs. MySQL vs. RDF4J

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonIRONdb  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparisonRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.A distributed Time Series DBMS with a focus on scalability, fault tolerance and operational simplicityWidely used open source RDBMSRDF4J is a Java framework for processing RDF data, supporting both memory-based and a disk-based storage.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSRelational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached APIRDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.60
Rank#206  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#99  Relational DBMS
Score0.06
Rank#316  Overall
#28  Time Series DBMS
Score1268.51
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Score0.48
Rank#220  Overall
#9  RDF stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.irondb.iowww.mysql.comrdf4j.org
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.irondb.io/­docsdev.mysql.com/­docrdf4j.org/­documentation
DeveloperGrakn LabsCirconus LLC.Oracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then SunSince 2016 officially forked into an Eclipse project, former developer was Aduna Software.
Initial release2016201719952004
Current release1.8.0, June 2020V0.10.20, January 20188.0.20, 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are availableOpen Source infoEclipse Distribution License (EDL), v1.0.
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • Azure Database for MySQL: A fully managed, scalable MySQL relational database with high availability and security built in at no extra cost
  • ScaleGrid for MySQL: Fully managed MySQL hosting on AWS, Azure and DigitalOcean with high availability and SSH access on the #1 multi-cloud DBaaS.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
LinuxFreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-freeyesyes infoRDF Schemas
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyes infotext, numeric, histogramsyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSQL-like query language (Circonus Analytics Query Language: CAQL)yes infowith proprietary extensionsno
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP APIADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Java API
RIO infoRDF Input/Output
Sail API
SeRQL infoSesame RDF Query Language
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C
C++
Clojure
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
JavaScript (Node.js)
Lisp
Lua
Perl
PHP
Python
R
Ruby
Rust
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Java
PHP
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyes, in Luayes infoproprietary syntaxyes
Triggersnonoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraAutomatic, metric affinity per nodehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabricnone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandraconfigurable replication factor, datacenter awareMaster-master replication
Master-slave replication
none
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate consistency per node, eventual consistency across nodesImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenoyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID infoIsolation support depends on the API used
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engineyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoin-memory storage is supported as well
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nonoyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnoUsers with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or rolesno
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknIRONdbMySQLRDF4J infoformerly known as Sesame
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
IRONdb is a highly available, distributed Time Series Database. It can support dozens...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Unmatched Scalability IRONdb is unique among TSDBs in that it does not use a consensus...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Real Systems Monitoring Monitor your systems infrastructure in real time across thousands...
» more
Key customersIRONdb serves the needs of the world's largest Time Series Database customers. One...
» more
Market metricsOnly TSDB capable of scaling to billions of metrics. Only TSDB to scale to dozens...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
IRONdb is licensed under a subscription model based on the number of active metrics...
» more
News

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26 June 2020

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Comparing Grakn to Semantic Web Technologies — Part 1/3
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Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

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and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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