DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Grakn vs. IBM Db2 vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. IBM Db2 vs. Neo4j vs. Stardog

Please select another system to include it in the comparison.

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonNeo4j  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxOpen source graph databaseEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualization
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBGraph DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.75
Rank#191  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#94  Relational DBMS
Score161.24
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score50.63
Rank#21  Overall
#1  Graph DBMS
Score1.45
Rank#144  Overall
#10  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2neo4j.comwww.stardog.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGneo4j.com/­docswww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGrakn LabsIBMNeo4j, Inc.Stardog-Union
Initial release20161983 infohost version20072010
Current release1.8.3, September 202012.1, October 20164.1.1, July 20207.3.0, May 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infofree version is availableOpen Source infoGPL version3, commercial licenses availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaC and C++Java, ScalaJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
Linux infoCan also be used server-less as embedded Java database.
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesschema-free and schema-optionalschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nono infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyes infopluggable indexing subsystem, by default Apache Luceneyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesnoYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Server
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
Bolt protocol
Cypher query language
Java API
Neo4j-OGM infoObject Graph Mapper
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data Neo4j
TinkerPop 3
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
Clojure
Elixir
Go
Groovy
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyes infoUser defined Procedures and Functionsuser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyes infovia event handleryes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux Versionnonenone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoby using Cassandrayes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Causal Clustering using Raft protocol infoavailable in in Enterprise Version onlyMulti-source replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyCausal and Eventual Consistency configurable in Causal Cluster setup
Immediate Consistency in stand-alone mode
Immediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyes infoRelationships in graphsyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardUsers, roles and permissions. Pluggable authentication with supported standards (LDAP, Active Directory, Kerberos)Access rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Neo4jStardog
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Neo4j is a native graph database platform that is built to store, query, analyze...
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Neo4j database is the only transactional database that combines everything you need...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Real-Time Recommendations Master Data Management Identity and Access Management Network...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersOver 300 commercial customers and over 750 startups use Neo4j. Flagship customers...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsNeo4j boasts the world's largest graph database ecosystem with more than a 15 million...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GPL v3 license that can be used all the places where you might use MySQL. Neo4j Commercial...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Discover, Build, Inspire with Grakn - We’ll take care of the swag!
18 August 2020

Grakn Labs community newsletter for week of June 15 — Grakn Labs Online brings you webinars…
15 June 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Chaos Engineering with Neo4j
23 September 2020

Analyzing the FinCEN Files with Neo4j
22 September 2020

This Week in Neo4j – Empowering Cities with Data and Knowledge Graphs, Restaurant Recommendation Engine, Graph Databases For Dummies
19 September 2020

Predicting Fraud: 5-Minute Interview with Marius Hartmann
18 September 2020

Introducing Graph Databases For Dummies
16 September 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesGeneral SQL Parser: Instantly adding parsing, decoding, analysis and rewrite SQL processing capability to your products.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraknIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2Neo4jStardog
DB-Engines blog posts

Applying Graph Analytics to Game of Thrones
12 June 2019, Amy Hodler & Mark Needham, Neo4j (guest author)

MySQL, PostgreSQL and Redis are the winners of the March ranking
2 March 2016, Paul Andlinger

The openCypher Project: Help Shape the SQL for Graphs
22 December 2015, Emil Eifrem (guest author)

show all

Recent citations in the news

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

15 Machine Learning Companies To Watch In Europe
27 November 2018, Forbes

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

IBM i PTF Guide, Volume 22, Number 38
23 September 2020, IT Jungle

Necessary For Adtech Then, Even Moreso For Enterprise Now
11 September 2020, The Next Platform

The Next Database Platform (Full Recording Available)
1 September 2020, The Next Platform

Four Hundred Monitor, September 2
2 September 2020, IT Jungle

iSeries DB2 Database Administrator - OneMain Financial
8 September 2020, Built In Chicago

provided by Google News

NASA, ICIJ, ATPCO, Lyft and More Choose Neo4j for their Knowledge Graphs
23 September 2020, PRNewswire

Graph Database Market Growing at a CAGR 22.2% | Key Player IBM, Oracle, Microsoft, AWS, Neo4j
21 September 2020, virtual-strategy.com

Massive Growth in Graph Analytics Market Set to Witness Huge Growth by 2026 | Microsoft, IBM, AWS, Oracle, Neo4j
23 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Graph Database Market Global Industry Share Analysis, Future Demand & Growth Rate to Witness High Demand By Amazon Web Services, Inc., Neo4j
19 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

Graph database Market Is Set To Experience Revolutionary Growth By 2025 | IBM, Microsoft, oracle, AWS, neo4j, tibco software
23 September 2020, The Daily Chronicle

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

Jr. SQL Database Administrator
GOLDEN WOLF LLC, Remote

IBM Shared Operation Services (SOS) Tooling Operations Engineer
IBM, United States

SR Level SQL DBA (Database Administrator)
XTIVIA, Remote

JDA Developer
Relevance Lab, Remote

Mainframe Database Management Administrator
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., Wilmington, DE

Data Science Advocate (Remote)
Neo4j, Boston, MA

Data Science Advocate (Remote)
Neo4j, United States

Software Engineer - NodeJS, React, MongoDB, Neo4J
Northrop Grumman, Hill AFB, UT

Mid Level Unreal Engine Developer
SEKAI, Remote

Data Engineer
Rackspace, Remote

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Datastax Astra logo

Cassandra made easy in the cloud. Build cloud-native applications faster with CQL, REST and GraphQL APIs.
Try for Free.

Present your product here