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DBMS > Grakn vs. IBM Db2 vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB vs. Stardog

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. IBM Db2 vs. InterSystems IRIS vs. MariaDB vs. Stardog

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2  Xexclude from comparisonInterSystems IRIS  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Common in IBM host environments, 2 different versions for host and Windows/LinuxA containerised multi-model DBMS, interoperability and analytics data platform with wide capabilities for vertical and horizontal scalabilityMySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.Enterprise Knowledge Graph and graph DBMS with high availability and high performance reasoning
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Relational DBMS infoSince Version 10.5 support for JSON/BSON documents compatible with MongoDBDocument store
Key-value store
Object oriented DBMS
Relational DBMS
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Secondary database modelsDocument store
RDF store infoin DB2 LUW (Linux, Unix, Windows)
Document store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score162.56
Rank#6  Overall
#5  Relational DBMS
Score1.12
Rank#143  Overall
#21  Document stores
#24  Key-value stores
#6  Object oriented DBMS
#70  Relational DBMS
Score88.35
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.79
Rank#169  Overall
#14  Graph DBMS
#7  RDF stores
Websitegrakn.aiwww.ibm.com/­analytics/­db2www.intersystems.com/­products/­intersystems-irismariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.stardog.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docswww.ibm.com/­support/­knowledgecenter/­SSEPGGdocs.intersystems.com/­irislatest/­csp/­docbook/­DocBook.UI.Page.clsmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarywww.stardog.com/­docs
DeveloperGrakn LabsIBMInterSystemsMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Stardog-Union
Initial release20161983 infohost version201820092010
Current release1.6.2, January 202012.1, October 20162018.1.1, February 201810.4.12, January 20206.2.3, July 2019
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infofree version is availablecommercialOpen Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/students
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenonononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaC and C++C and C++Java
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
AIX
HP-UX
Linux
Solaris
Windows
z/OS
AIX
Linux
macOS
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
macOS
Windows
Data schemeyesyesdepending on used data modelyes infoDynamic columns are supportedschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.noyesyesno infoImport/export of XML data possible
Secondary indexesyesyesyesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatial
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoyesyesyes infowith proprietary extensionsSPARQL is used as query language
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
ADO.NET
JDBC
JSON style queries infoMongoDB compatible
ODBC
XQuery
JDBC
ODBC
RESTful HTTP API
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
C
C#
C++
Cobol
Delphi
Fortran
Java
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Visual Basic
.Net
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoyesyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3user defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Java
Triggersnoyesyesyesyes infovia event handlers
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandraSharding infoonly with Windows/Unix/Linux VersionShardingHorizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, keynone
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandrayes infowith separate tools (MQ, InfoSphere)Master-slave replicationMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
Master-master replication in HA-Cluster
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-Cluster
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyesyesyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes inforelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes infowith MEMORY storage engineyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardyesfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardAccess rights for users and roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknIBM Db2 infoformerly named DB2 or IBM Database 2InterSystems IRISMariaDBStardog
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
InterSystems IRIS is a complete cloud-first data platform which includes a multi-model...
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
Stardog is a knowledge graph platform backed by a performant, scalable graph database....
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
Stardog is uniquely designed to aid in data integration for your complex data. Benefits...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBooking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsMariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

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14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
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