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DBMS > Grakn vs. Graphite vs. Ignite vs. JanusGraph

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. Graphite vs. Ignite vs. JanusGraph

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonIgnite  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Data logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperApache Ignite is a memory-centric distributed database, caching, and processing platform for transactional, analytical, and streaming workloads, delivering in-memory speeds at petabyte scale.A Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Time Series DBMSKey-value store
Relational DBMS
Graph DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score3.63
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score4.87
Rank#66  Overall
#11  Key-value stores
#36  Relational DBMS
Score2.01
Rank#115  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Websitegrakn.aigithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webignite.apache.orgjanusgraph.org
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphite.readthedocs.ioapacheignite.readme.io/­docsdocs.janusgraph.org
DeveloperGrakn LabsChris DavisApache Software FoundationLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by Aurelius
Initial release2016200620152017
Current release1.7.1, April 2020Apache Ignite 2.60.5.0, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenononono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaPythonC++, Java, .NetJava
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Data schemeyesyesyesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyesno
Secondary indexesyesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnonoANSI-99 for query and DML statements, subset of DDLno
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
HTTP API
Sockets
HDFS API
Hibernate
JCache
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary protocol
RESTful HTTP API
Spring Data
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C#
C++
Java
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnonoyes (compute grid and cache interceptors can be used instead)yes
Triggersnonoyes (cache interceptors and events)yes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandranoneShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using Cassandranoneyes (replicated cache)yes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernoyes (compute grid and hadoop accelerator)yes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engine
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencynoneImmediate ConsistencyEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featurenonoyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDnoACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcast
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressnoSecurity Hooks for custom implementationsUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Server
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphiteIgniteJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
News

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
18 April 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

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More resources
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