DB-EnginesExtremeDB: the embedded DBMS for embedded systemsEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. SAP HANA vs. Stardog vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonSAP HANA  Xexclude from comparisonStardog  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.In-memory, column based data store. Available as appliance or cloud serviceEnterprise Knowledge Graph platform and graph DBMS with high availability, high performance reasoning, and virtualizationHigh-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMSGraph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith SAP Hana, Enterprise Edition
Spatial DBMS
Document store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.76
Rank#193  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score2.24
Rank#108  Overall
#6  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score53.44
Rank#18  Overall
#12  Relational DBMS
Score1.63
Rank#127  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#6  RDF stores
Score0.92
Rank#179  Overall
#90  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aiwww.ontotext.comwww.sap.com/­products/­hana.htmlwww.stardog.comwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationhelp.sap.com/­hanadocs.stardog.comdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextSAPStardog-UnionYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20162000201020102017
Current release2.0, April 20219.6, February 20212.0 SPS05 (June 26, 2020), June 20207.3.0, May 20202.4, January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedcommercialcommercial info60-day fully-featured trial license; 1-year fully-featured non-commercial use license for academics/studentsOpen Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no infoalso available as a cloud based servicenono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Appliance or cloud-serviceLinux
macOS
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononono infoImport/export of XML data possibleno
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes infosupports real-time indexing in full-text and geospatialyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyesYes, compatible with all major SQL variants through dedicated BI/SQL Serveryes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
JDBC
ODBC
GraphQL query language
HTTP API
Jena RDF API
OWL
RDF4J API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SNARL
SPARQL
Spring Data
Stardog Studio
TinkerPop 3
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
.Net
Clojure
Groovy
Java
JavaScript
Python
Ruby
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilitySQLScript, Ruser defined functions and aggregates, HTTP Server extensions in Javayes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnonoyesyes infovia event handlersyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandranoneyesnoneHash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraMulti-source replicationyesMulti-source replication in HA-ClusterBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernononono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency in HA-ClusterStrong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyesyes inforelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyesyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyesno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.yesAccess rights for users and rolesyes
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Stardog is an Enterprise Knowledge Graph platform, uniquely combining graph storage...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Stardog provides a full featureset to aid in data integration for your complex data....
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Stardog is frequently used for: Anti-money laundering & fraud monitoring Customer...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Bosch, Dow Jones, Elsevier, Ericsson, Morgan Stanley, NASA, NIH, Nokia, Salesforce,...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Stardog's technology is based on ground-breaking research by our founders cited 10,000+...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
A fully-featured 60-day Trial license is available for those testing Stardog; contact...
» more
News

Today’s Biomedical Research Requires New Technologies
12 March 2021

A Clinical Decision Support System Built With a Knowledge Graph
16 February 2021

You’re Invited to Grakn Orbit 2021
12 February 2021

How to Succeed with Your First Grakn Project
12 February 2021

Grakn 2.0 Alpha: best practices of Distributed Systems and Computer Science
13 January 2021

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesCData: Connect to Big Data & NoSQL through standard Drivers.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMSAP HANAStardogYugabyteDB
Conferences and events

Grakn Orbit 2021
Online Event, 21-22 April 2021

Data Virtualization with GraphDB
Webinar, 4pm GMT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EET / 10am EST / 7am PST, 4 February 2021 (finished)

Generate Value from Your Knowledge Graph in Days
11am EST | 4pm GMT | 5pm CET, 4 March 2021 (finished)

Accelerated R&D with a FAIR Data Fabric in Life Sciences
Webinar, 7am PDT / 10am EDT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EEST, 14 April 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Bayer, Capgemini, IBM and Flipkart Lead Roster of Speakers and Panelists at Grakn Orbit 2021
31 March 2021, PR Web

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

provided by Google News

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Esri and SAP Advance Integration of Business Technology and GIS Platforms
14 April 2021, DirectionsMag.com

New Services In SAP HANA Cloud Lower TCO For Customers In
9 April 2021, MarTech Series

SAP Hana, Mon Amour
7 April 2021, e3zine.com

Hewlett Packard Enterprise Powers Leading SAP HANA Cloud Service Provider in France
30 March 2021, Business Wire

SAP HANA and S4HANA Market Report 2020 | COVID-19, Qualitative Analysis and Competitive Industry Scenario 2027 – The Courier
13 April 2021, The Courier

provided by Google News

Yugabyte announces $48M investment as cloud-native database makes enterprise push
3 March 2021, TechCrunch

Yugabyte Hardens Security in Latest Platform Release
12 February 2021, Database Trends and Applications

Open-source relational database startup Yugabyte raises $48M
3 March 2021, SiliconANGLE News

Yugabyte Delivers the Most Comprehensive Multi-Cloud Distributed SQL Deployment Options
11 January 2021, Business Wire

SiliconAngle - Yugabyte raises $30M for its cloud-native distributed SQL database
9 June 2020, SiliconANGLE

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

SAP HANA CONSULTANT
Path Insights, Remote

SAP S/4 HANA Data Migration Lead
Kaizen Technologies, Phillipsburg, NJ

SAP BW HANA Developer
ABOTTS, San Antonio, TX

SAP S/4 HANA CPQ Hybris
NovaTech, Remote

SAP HANA Developer
Yakshna Solutions, Herndon, VA

Database Engineer
Hudson River Trading, New York, NY

Database Administrator
Backblaze, San Mateo, CA

Software Engineer 2 (Full-stack / Microservices)- Multiple Locations
U.S. Bank, Cincinnati, OH

Data Visualization Developer
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

Data Scientist
CipherTrace, San Francisco Bay Area, CA

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

MariaDB logo

SkySQL, the ultimate
MariaDB cloud, is here.

Get started with SkySQL today!

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

Datastax Astra logo

Build cloud-native apps fast with Astra, the open-source, multi-cloud stack for
modern data apps.
Get started with 5 GB free..

Present your product here