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DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. MySQL

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. MySQL

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonMySQL  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise-ready RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization support. It supports also SQL JDBC access to Knowledge Graph and GraphQL over SPARQL.Widely used open source RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Relational DBMS infoKey/Value like access via memcached API
Secondary database modelsDocument store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.67
Rank#206  Overall
#18  Graph DBMS
#103  Relational DBMS
Score2.14
Rank#114  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
#4  RDF stores
Score1243.37
Rank#2  Overall
#2  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aiwww.ontotext.comwww.mysql.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdev.mysql.com/­doc
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextOracle infosince 2010, originally MySQL AB, then Sun
Initial release201620001995
Current release1.8.4, November 20209.6, February 20218.0.23 , January 2021
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infoSome plugins of GraphDB Workbench are open sourcedOpen Source infoGPL version 2. Commercial licenses with extended functionallity are available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.no
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
OS X
Solaris
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema support; RDF shapesyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnostored SPARQL accessed as SQL using Apache Calcite through JDBC/ODBCyes infowith proprietary extensions
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
GraphQL
GraphQL Federation
Java API
JDBC
RDF4J API
RDFS
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Eiffel
Erlang
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnowell-defined plugin interfaces; JavaScript server-side extensibilityyes infoproprietary syntax
Triggersnonoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandranonehorizontal partitioning, sharding with MySQL Cluster or MySQL Fabric
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMulti-source replication infoby using CassandraMulti-source replicationMulti-source replication
Source-replica replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernono
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyes infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engine
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infotable locks or row locks depending on storage engine
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressDefault Basic authentication through RDF4J client, or via Java when run with cURL, default token-based in the Workbench or via Rest API, optional access through OpenID or Kerberos single sign-on.Users with fine-grained authorization concept infono user groups or roles
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMySQL
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
News

A Clinical Decision Support System Built With a Knowledge Graph
16 February 2021

You’re Invited to Grakn Orbit 2021
12 February 2021

How to Succeed with Your First Grakn Project
12 February 2021

Grakn 2.0 Alpha: best practices of Distributed Systems and Computer Science
13 January 2021

Discover, Build, Inspire with Grakn - We’ll take care of the swag!
18 August 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

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More resources
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMMySQL
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Conferences and events

Grakn Orbit 2021
Online Event, 21-22 April 2021

Generate Value from Your Knowledge Graph in Days
11am EST | 4pm GMT | 5pm CET, 4 March 2021

Finished events

Knowledge Graphs for Enterprise Data Management
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 5 November 2020 (finished)

Data Virtualization with GraphDB
Webinar, 4pm GMT / 5pm CEST / 6pm EET / 10am EST / 7am PST, 4 February 2021 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Object Recognition With SPOT from Boston Robotics
10 December 2020, hackernoon.com

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

15 Machine Learning Companies To Watch In Europe Forbes
27 November 2018, Forbes

provided by Google News

eccenca and Ontotext Partner to Advance Enterprise Data Management
3 February 2021, AiThority

Ontotext GraphDB 9.4 Enables SQL Access to Knowledge Graphs and Visual Mapping of Tabular Data to RDF
11 September 2020, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.2 Supports RDF* to Match the Expressivity of Property Graphs
30 April 2020, PRNewswire

GraphDB 9.5 Offers Data Virtualization From Tables to Graphs and Back
9 December 2020, PRNewswire

Johnson Controls Selects Ontotext's GraphDB for the New Version of Metasys Building Automation System
18 November 2020, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

Global NoSQL Market 2020 Industry Segmentation: Microsoft SQL Server, MySQL, MongoDB, PostgreSQL, Oracle Database – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
24 February 2021, KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

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28 February 2021, NeighborWebSJ

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