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DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. MariaDB vs. TigerGraph

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. JanusGraph vs. MariaDB vs. TigerGraph

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonMariaDB  Xexclude from comparisonTigerGraph  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017MySQL application compatible open source RDBMS, enhanced with high availability, security, interoperability and performance capabilities. With MariaDB ColumnStore a column-oriented storage engine is available too.A complete, distributed, parallel graph computing platform supporting web-scale data analytics in real-time
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Graph DBMSRelational DBMSGraph DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Graph DBMS infowith OQGraph storage engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.49
Rank#207  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#100  Relational DBMS
Score1.18
Rank#137  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score1.79
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score88.35
Rank#13  Overall
#8  Relational DBMS
Score0.90
Rank#159  Overall
#12  Graph DBMS
Websitegrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comjanusgraph.orgmariadb.com infoSite of MariaDB Corporation
mariadb.org infoSite of MariaDB Foundation
www.tigergraph.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationdocs.janusgraph.orgmariadb.com/­kb/­en/­librarydocs.tigergraph.com
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusMariaDB Corporation Ab (MariaDB Enterprise),
MariaDB Foundation (community MariaDB Server) infoThe lead developer Monty Widenius is the original author of MySQL
Initial release20162000201720092017
Current release1.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20190.5.0, March 202010.4.12, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoGPL version 2, commercial enterprise subscription availablecommercial
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
  • MariaDB Managed Service: A customized MariaDB deployment fully managed by the experts at MariaDB in the cloud of your choice. Keeps you up to date with features, upgrades, hotfixes and security patches.
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Implementation languageJavaJavaJavaC and C++C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
FreeBSD
Linux
Solaris
Windows infoColumnStore storage engine not available on Windows
Linux
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyes infoDynamic columns are supportedyes
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyesyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyesno
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes infowith proprietary extensionsSQL-like query language (GSQL)
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET
JDBC
ODBC
Proprietary native API
GSQL (TigerGraph Query Language)
Kafka
RESTful HTTP/JSON API
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
Clojure
Java
Python
Ada
C
C#
C++
D
Eiffel
Erlang
Go
Haskell
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scheme
Tcl
C++
Java
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginyesyes infoPL/SQL compatibility added with version 10.3yes
Triggersnonoyesyesno
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandranoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Horizontal partitioning, sharding with Spider storage engine or Galera cluster infoPartitioning by range, list, hash, key
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationyesMaster-master replication infousing MariaDB Galera Cluster
Master-slave replication
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics enginenoyes
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Eventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingyes infoRelationships in graphsyes infonot for MyISAM storage engineyes infoRelationships in graphs
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACIDACID infonot for MyISAM storage engineACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes infonot for in-memory storage engineyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes infowith MEMORY storage engineno
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverfine grained access rights according to SQL-standardRole-based access control
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMariaDBTigerGraph
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Open source database from the creators of MySQL, enhanced with enterprise tools and...
» more
TigerGraph is a native graph database, with massively parallel processing and fully...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
High availability, scalability, performance beyond MySQL and other databases.
» more
TigerGraph is the fastest and most scalable graph platform, powered by a native parallel...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Web, SaaS and Cloud operational/transactional applications that require high availability,...
» more
Anti Money Laundering Real-Time Fraud Detection Customer 360 Real-Time Personalized...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Booking.com, Wikipedia, Google, Canal+, ClubMed, Deutsche Telekom, La Poste, Virgin...
» more
TigerGraph’s proven technology supports applications such as fraud detection, customer...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
MariaDB is the default database in the LAMP stack supplied by Red Hat and SUSE Linux,...
» more
TigerGraph is 2x to more than 8000x faster at graph traversal and query response...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
NEW: TIGERGRAPH CLOUD - Fully managed Graph Database as a Service. Hourly pricing...
» more
News

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

Ontotext Knowledge Graph Platform: The Modern Way of Building Smart Enterprise Applications
19 March 2020

How Pharma Companies Can Scale Up Their Knowledge Discovery with Semantic Similarity Search 
6 March 2020

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesAzure Database for MariaDB: Easily deploy applications to the cloud.
» more

Navicat for MariaDB provides a native environment for MariaDB database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanMariaDBTigerGraph
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Conferences and events

GraphDB 9.1: Knowledge Graphs with Data Provenance
Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

MariaDB OpenWorks 2020
Cancelled due to COVID-19. Content will be shared digitally, 4-6 May 2020

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