DB-EnginesInfluxDB download bannerEnglish
Deutsch
Knowledge Base of Relational and NoSQL Database Management Systemsprovided by solid IT

DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. GridDB vs. JanusGraph vs. SQLite

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. GridDB vs. JanusGraph vs. SQLite

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonGridDB  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonSQLite  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportScalable in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and Big DataA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017Widely used in-process RDBMS
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsKey-value store
Relational DBMS
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score0.44
Rank#216  Overall
#11  Time Series DBMS
Score1.78
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score122.19
Rank#9  Overall
#6  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comgriddb.netjanusgraph.orgwww.sqlite.org
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgriddb.net/­en/­docs/­documents/­1-1_what-is-griddb.phpdocs.janusgraph.orgwww.sqlite.org/­docs.html
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextToshiba CorporationLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusDwayne Richard Hipp
Initial release20162000201320172000
Current release1.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20194.2, June 20190.5.0, March 20203.31.0, January 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoAGPL version 3 and Apache License, version 2.0 , commercial license (standard and advanced editions) also availableOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoPublic Domain
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

Providers of DBaaS offerings, please contact us to be listed.
Implementation languageJavaJavaC++JavaC
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
LinuxLinux
OS X
Unix
Windows
server-less
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesyes infodynamic column types
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesyes infonumerical, string, blob, geometry, boolean, timestampyesyes infonot rigid because of 'dynamic typing' concept.
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesyesyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languageSQL92 (advanced edition only), SQL-like TQL (Toshiba Query Language)noyes infoSQL-92 is not fully supported
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
Proprietary protocolJava API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
ADO.NET infoinofficial driver
JDBC infoinofficial driver
ODBC infoinofficial driver
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
C
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Clojure
Java
Python
Actionscript
Ada
Basic
C
C#
C++
D
Delphi
Forth
Fortran
Haskell
Java
JavaScript
Lisp
Lua
MatLab
Objective-C
OCaml
Perl
PHP
PL/SQL
Python
R
Ruby
Scala
Scheme
Smalltalk
Tcl
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginnoyesno
Triggersnonoyesyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandranoneShardingyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)none
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationMaster-slave replicationyesnone
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache ZookeepernoConnector for using GridDB as an input source and output destination for Hadoop MapReduce jobsyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)Immediate consistency within container, eventual consistency across containersEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDACID at container levelACIDACID
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyesyesyes infovia file-system locks
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyesyes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesAccess rights for users can be defined per databaseUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serverno
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGridDBJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanSQLite
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
GridDB is a highly scalable, in-memory time series database optimized for IoT and...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
1. Optimized for IoT Equipped with Toshiba's proprietary key-container data model...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
Factory IoT, Automative Industry, Energy, BEMS, Smart Community, Monitoring system.
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Denso International [see use case ] An Electric Power company [see use case ] Ishinomaki...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
GitHub trending repository
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
Open Source license (AGPL v3 & Apache v2) Commercial license (subscription)
» more
News

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

Unsolved Machine Learning Problems That You Can Solve
9 July 2019

Drug Discovery Knowledge Graphs
7 June 2019

Ontotext Knowledge Graph Platform: The Modern Way of Building Smart Enterprise Applications
19 March 2020

How Pharma Companies Can Scale Up Their Knowledge Discovery with Semantic Similarity Search 
6 March 2020

Crafting a Knowledge Graph: The Semantic Data Modeling Way
20 February 2020

How Computer Vision Technology Can Bring Smart Surveillance to Retail    
6 February 2020

Ontotext’s Graph Database Helps Create EU-Wide Company Business Graph
23 January 2020

We invite representatives of system vendors to contact us for updating and extending the system information,
and for displaying vendor-provided information such as key customers, competitive advantages and market metrics.

Related products and services
3rd partiesNavicat for SQLite is a powerful and comprehensive SQLite GUI that provides a complete set of functions for database management and development.
» more

We invite representatives of vendors of related products to contact us for presenting information about their offerings here.

More resources
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGridDBJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanSQLite
DB-Engines blog posts

Big gains for Relational Database Management Systems in DB-Engines Ranking
2 February 2016, Matthias Gelbmann

show all

Conferences and events

GraphDB 9.1: Knowledge Graphs with Data Provenance
Webinar, 2 March 2020 (finished)

GraphDB Fundamentals: Adding Meaning to Your Data
Webinar, 4pm GMT, 8am PST, 5pm CET, 25 March 2020 (finished)

Recent citations in the news

Get Started With GRAKN.AI
10 March 2017, DZone News

GRAKN.AI: How Haikal Pribadi went from being a refugee to building a database for AI systems
26 October 2017, YourStory.com

What Is an Ontology?
15 March 2017, DZone News

15 Machine Learning Companies To Watch In Europe
27 November 2018, Forbes

Oracle launches startup cloud accelerator in Bristol
20 September 2017, Cloud Pro

provided by Google News

It's just semantics: Bulgarian software dev Ontotext squeezes out GraphDB 9.1
15 January 2020, The Register

GraphDB Goes Open Source
27 January 2020, iProgrammer

Ontotext's GraphDB 9.0 Open-sources its Front-end and Engine Plugins to Empower Knowledge Graph Solutions
3 October 2019, PRNewswire

Ontotext's GraphDB 8.10 Makes Knowledge Graph Experience Faster and Richer
13 June 2019, Yahoo Finance

Ontotext Platform 3.0 for Enterprise Knowledge Graphs Released
16 December 2019, PRNewswire

provided by Google News

9 Ways Database Technology Gives Your Applications an Edge
26 March 2020, TechNative

Toshiba's Innovative GridDB NoSQL Database Affords Unlimited IoT Possibilities
24 April 2017, Business Wire

Trend-Setting Products in Data and Information Management for 2020
4 December 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

JanusGraph Picks Up Where TitanDB Left Off
13 January 2017, Datanami

What & why: Graph machine learning in distributed systems
16 March 2020, Ericsson

Comcast, FireEye, Numberly Among Winners of 2019 Scylla User Awards
6 November 2019, GlobeNewswire

The year of the graph: Getting graphic, going native, reshaping the landscape
8 January 2018, ZDNet

Benchmarking Graph Analytics Systems: TigerGraph, Neo4j, Neptune, JanusGraph, and ArangoDB
8 May 2019, Database Trends and Applications

provided by Google News

Fedora Looking To Transition The RPM Database From Berkeley DB To SQLite
16 March 2020, Phoronix

Beyond the mainstream database offerings
26 March 2020, Corporate IT

Learn SQL and database design with Raspberry Pi
19 March 2020, Blogdottv

Facebook Natively Rewrites Messenger to Make it Faster and Smaller on iOS
3 March 2020, InfoQ.com

Fedora 33 Plans To Default To OpenJDK 11 As The Default Java Version
31 March 2020, Phoronix

provided by Google News

Job opportunities

ONAP Engineer
Tekskills, Basking Ridge, NJ

Data Engineer
Joulestowatts, Boston, MA

senior java engineer with Banking Experience
Tech Dynamix It Servies, Tempe, AZ

Java Developer
SREYO, Boston, MA

DevSecOps Engineer
MUFG, San Diego, CA

C# Developer(Xamarin)
Maddisoft, Dallas, TX

Automated Test Developer
Maddisoft, Dallas, TX

DEVELOPER XAMARIN
Vertex IT Services, Englewood, CO

UI Developer(Xamarin)
Maddisoft, Dallas, TX

Database Administrator
Improvix Technologies, Washington, DC

jobs by Indeed




Share this page

Featured Products

Datastax Luna logo

Simple, subscription-based support for open source
Apache Cassandra™ from the Cassandra experts.
Learn more.

Neo4j logo

Get your free copy of the new O'Reilly book Graph Algorithms with 20+ examples for
machine learning, graph analytics and more.

Couchbase logo

SQL + JSON + NoSQL.
Power, flexibility & scale.
All open source.
Get started now.

AllegroGraph logo

Graph Database Leader for AI Knowledge Graph Applications - The Most Secure Graph Database Available.
Free Download

MariaDB logo

How do MariaDB, Oracle MySQL and EnterpriseDB compare?
Get the white paper to
learn more.

Present your product here