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DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. MarkLogic

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. MarkLogic

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Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonMarkLogic  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperOperational and transactional Enterprise NoSQL database
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSDocument store
Native XML DBMS
RDF store infoas of version 7
Search engine
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.59
Rank#199  Overall
#16  Graph DBMS
#97  Relational DBMS
Score1.25
Rank#140  Overall
#9  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.63
Rank#83  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score11.24
Rank#40  Overall
#7  Document stores
#1  Native XML DBMS
#1  RDF stores
#4  Search engines
Websitegrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webwww.marklogic.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.marklogic.com
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextChris DavisMarkLogic Corp.
Initial release2016200020062001
Current release1.7.2, June 20208.8, January 20199.0, 2017
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0commercial inforestricted free version is available
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaPythonC++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Windows
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesschema-free infoSchema can be enforced
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nononoyes
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languagenoyes infoSQL92
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
Sockets
Java API
Node.js Client API
ODBC
proprietary Optic API infoProprietary Query API, introduced with version 9
RESTful HTTP API
SPARQL
WebDAV
XDBC
XQuery
XSLT
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
C
C#
C++
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Perl
PHP
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginnoyes infovia XQuery or JavaScript
Triggersnononoyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using CassandranonenoneSharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationnoneyes
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonoyes infovia Hadoop Connector, HDFS Direct Access and in-database MapReduce jobs
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)noneImmediate Consistency
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingnono
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACID infocan act as a resource manager in an XA/JTA transaction
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.noyes, with Range Indexes
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesnoRole-based access control at the document and subdocument levels
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGraphiteMarkLogic
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
The MarkLogic Multi-Model Database provides the simplest way to integrate data from...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
The main benefit of MarkLogic is simplicity. By making things simpler, MarkLogic...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
MarkLogic’s main use case is the Operational Data Hub . A Data Hub is useful for...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
MarkLogic has proven results managing mission-critical data with over 1,000 global...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
MarkLogic is well known within the Fortune 1000, with a strong presence in financial...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
MarkLogic provides a variety of licenses and cloud services: MarkLogic Data Hub Service...
» more
News

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 2/2
18 April 2020

Comparing Graql to SQL — Part 1/2
18 April 2020

Grakn Cosmos 2020: A Recap
25 February 2020

Moving from Slack to Discord
14 February 2020

Setting up a knowledge base to encode domain knowledge for Rasa
14 August 2019

If Curiosity Cabinets Were Knowledge Graphs
4 June 2020

On the Hunt for Patterns: from Hippocrates to Supercomputers
18 May 2020

Knowledge Graph Conference 2020 Recap: Knowledge Graphs Are Getting Into the Limelight
15 May 2020

Return of the Jedi: Ontotext Platform Metamorphosis
21 April 2020

GraphDB Empowers Scientific Projects to Fight COVID-19 and Publish Knowledge Graphs
15 April 2020

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More resources
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGraphiteMarkLogic
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