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DBMS > Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. JanusGraph vs. YugabyteDB

System Properties Comparison Grakn vs. GraphDB vs. Graphite vs. JanusGraph vs. YugabyteDB

Editorial information provided by DB-Engines
NameGrakn  Xexclude from comparisonGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIM  Xexclude from comparisonGraphite  Xexclude from comparisonJanusGraph infosuccessor of Titan  Xexclude from comparisonYugabyteDB  Xexclude from comparison
DescriptionGrakn is a distributed, hyper-relational database for managing complex data that serves as a knowledge base for cognitive/AI systems.Enterprise RDF and graph database with efficient reasoning, cluster and external index synchronization supportData logging and graphing tool for time series data infoThe storage layer (fixed size database) is called WhisperA Graph DBMS optimized for distributed clusters infoIt was forked from the latest code base of Titan in January 2017High-performance distributed SQL database for global, internet-scale applications. Wire compatible with PostgreSQL.
Primary database modelGraph DBMS
Relational DBMS infoOften described as a 'hyper-relational' database, since it implements the 'Entity-Relationship Paradigm' to manage complex data structures and ontologies.
Graph DBMS
RDF store
Time Series DBMSGraph DBMSRelational DBMS
Secondary database modelsDocument store
Wide column store
DB-Engines Ranking infomeasures the popularity of database management systemsranking trend
Trend Chart
Score0.42
Rank#221  Overall
#17  Graph DBMS
#104  Relational DBMS
Score1.16
Rank#139  Overall
#8  Graph DBMS
#5  RDF stores
Score3.43
Rank#82  Overall
#4  Time Series DBMS
Score1.78
Rank#120  Overall
#7  Graph DBMS
Score0.69
Rank#182  Overall
#91  Relational DBMS
Websitegrakn.aigraphdb.ontotext.comgithub.com/­graphite-project/­graphite-webjanusgraph.orgwww.yugabyte.com
Technical documentationdev.grakn.ai/­docsgraphdb.ontotext.com/­documentationgraphite.readthedocs.iodocs.janusgraph.orgdocs.yugabyte.com
github.com/­yugabyte/­yugabyte-db
DeveloperGrakn LabsOntotextChris DavisLinux Foundation; originally developed as Titan by AureliusYugabyte Inc.
Initial release20162000200620172017
Current release1.6.2, January 20208.8, January 20190.5.0, March 20202.1.2, March 2020
License infoCommercial or Open SourceOpen Source infoGPL Version 3, commercial licenses availablecommercial infolimited edition freeOpen Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0Open Source infoApache 2.0
Cloud-based only infoOnly available as a cloud servicenono infoNamed S4, Ontotext provides a semantic graph database based on GraphDB in the cloud.nonono
DBaaS offerings (sponsored links) infoDatabase as a Service

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Implementation languageJavaJavaPythonJavaC and C++
Server operating systemsLinux
OS X
Windows
All OS with a Java VM
Linux
OS X
Windows
Linux
Unix
Linux
OS X
Unix
Windows
Linux
OS X
Data schemeyesschema-free and OWL/RDFS-schema supportyesyesdepending on used data model
Typing infopredefined data types such as float or dateyesyesNumeric data onlyyesyes
XML support infoSome form of processing data in XML format, e.g. support for XML data structures, and/or support for XPath, XQuery or XSLT.nonononono
Secondary indexesyesyes, supports real-time synchronization and indexing in SOLR/Elastic search/Lucene and GeoSPARQL geometry data indexesnoyesyes
SQL infoSupport of SQLnoSPARQL is used as query languagenonoyes, PostgreSQL compatible
APIs and other access methodsconsole (shell)
gRPC protocol
Workbase (visualisation software)
GeoSPARQL
Java API
RDF4J API
RIO
Sail API
Sesame REST HTTP Protocol
SPARQL 1.1
HTTP API
Sockets
Java API
TinkerPop Blueprints
TinkerPop Frames
TinkerPop Gremlin
TinkerPop Rexster
YCQL, an SQL-based flexible-schema API with its roots in Cassandra Query Language
Supported programming languagesAll JVM based languages
Groovy
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Scala
.Net
C#
Clojure
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
PHP
Python
Ruby
Scala
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Clojure
Java
Python
C
C#
C++
Go
Java
JavaScript (Node.js)
Python
Ruby
Server-side scripts infoStored proceduresnoJava Server Pluginnoyesyes infosql, plpgsql, C
Triggersnononoyesyes
Partitioning methods infoMethods for storing different data on different nodesSharding infoby using Cassandranonenoneyes infodepending on the used storage backend (e.g. Cassandra, HBase, BerkeleyDB)Hash and Range Sharding
Replication methods infoMethods for redundantly storing data on multiple nodesMaster-master replication infoby using CassandraMaster-master replicationnoneyesBased on Raft distributed consensus protocol, minimum 3 replicas for continuous availability
MapReduce infoOffers an API for user-defined Map/Reduce methodsyes infoby using Apache Kafka and Apache Zookeepernonoyes infovia Faunus, a graph analytics engineno
Consistency concepts infoMethods to ensure consistency in a distributed systemImmediate ConsistencyImmediate Consistency, Eventual consistency (configurable in cluster mode per master or individual client request)noneEventual Consistency
Immediate Consistency
Strong consistency on writes and tunable consistency on reads
Foreign keys infoReferential integrityno infosubstituted by the relationship featureyes infoConstraint checkingnoyes infoRelationships in graphsyes
Transaction concepts infoSupport to ensure data integrity after non-atomic manipulations of dataACIDACIDnoACIDDistributed ACID with Serializable & Snapshot Isolation. Inspired by Google Spanner architecture.
Concurrency infoSupport for concurrent manipulation of datayesyesyes infolockingyesyes
Durability infoSupport for making data persistentyesyesyesyes infoSupports various storage backends: Cassandra, HBase, Berkeley DB, Akiban, Hazelcastyes infobased on RocksDB
In-memory capabilities infoIs there an option to define some or all structures to be held in-memory only.nono
User concepts infoAccess controlyes infoat REST API level; other APIs in progressyesnoUser authentification and security via Rexster Graph Serveryes
More information provided by the system vendor
GraknGraphDB infoformer name: OWLIMGraphiteJanusGraph infosuccessor of TitanYugabyteDB
Specific characteristicsGrakn is the knowledge graph to organise complex networks of data and making it queryable,...
» more
GraphDB Enterprise is a high-performance semantic repository created by Ontotext....
» more
Gain Developer Agility Leverage full power of PostgreSQL-compatible SQL and distributed...
» more
Competitive advantagesExpressive and flexible data model: The meta-schema of Grakn allows for modelling...
» more
GraphDB allows you to link text and data in big knowledge graphs. It’s easy to experiment...
» more
YugabyteDB is a distributed ACID-compliant database that brings together three must-have...
» more
Typical application scenariosLife sciences : Grakn makes working with biological data much easier and accelerates...
» more
Metadata enrichment and management, linked open data publishing, semantic inferencing...
» more
YugabyteDB is a good fit for fast-growing, cloud native applications that need to...
» more
Key customersBBC, Press Association, Financial Times, DK, Euromoney, The British Museum, Getty...
» more
Market metricsGraphDB is the most utilized semantic triplestore for mission-critical enterprise...
» more
Licensing and pricing modelsAGPL and Commercial . The commercial license is priced based on cluster resources...
» more
GraphDB-Free is free to use. SE and Enterprise are licensed per CPU-Core used. Perpetual...
» more
YugabyteDB is a 100% open source project licensed under the permissive Apache 2.0...
» more
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